{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Responsibility Relationship Analysis

Responsibility Relationship Analysis - RESPONSIBILITY...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: RESPONSIBILITY RELATIONSHIP ANALYSIS: Fruits From a Venture in Theory Development Professor Bernard Finifter Department of Sociology Michigan State University 7 November 2005 How It All Started Kohn's Anomaly High Kohn's anomaly and the discovery of the importance of responsibility relationships. Poland Poland Psychological Distress Japan USA Socio-economic Status Where is Responsibility Studied Systematically? Moral Philosophers Theologians Legal Scholars Criminologists Contributions by Psychologists: Herbert Kelman Barry Schlenker Philip Tetlock Bernard Weiner Contributions by Sociologists: Adam Smith Emile Durkheim Michael Black V. Lee Hamilton Conceptualizing Responsibility Relationships Responsibility relationships as society's connective tissues. The curious lack of attention to responsibility relationships in sociology. Foundation of all responsibility claims, judgments and actions as a comparison between an event and some standard. Standards are socially, culturally, and politically defined and are codified as expectations. Responsibility comes into play when a breach of expectation is recognized. Defining Responsibility Relationships The Polysemic and Janus-faced nature of "responsibility" and the need for conceptual clarification. The heuristic formula: R = f (A, C) Key terms defined Accountability Control The accountability spiral and how and why it is often truncated. Historical and recent examples. NAACP's Merilee Evers' decision not to prosecute graft. Chun DuHwan condemned to death but still living. University of Pennsylvania, Sociology Dept. curtails plagiarism scandal. Spiral of Accountability Execution of Sentence Passing of sentence if culpable Decision to affirm charges or acquit Suspect an account called Suspect called to give to give account give account Suspect agent identified A breach of expectation is recognized The Exercise of Accountability Three ranges: Hyponomy Equinomy Hypernomy The guiding general proposition: Consequences of the excessive or deficient exercise of accountability. Key prediction: When accountability is exercised either excessively or inadequately, the group will suffer, sometimes catastrophically. Regions in the Exercise of Accountability Hyponomy (p<c) Hypernomy (p>c) Hyponomy - Equinomy Equinomy ~= (p ~= c) Hypernomy + + Key Prediction: When accountability is exercised either excessively or inadequately, the group will suffer, sometimes catastrophically. The Theory's Spawn: Six Illustrative Case-Study Applications (by colligation): 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. Tuskegee syphilis experiments: Failure to halt the experiments and the disastrous consequences for contemporary African-American health. Senator McCarthy witch-hunt and America's escalating involvement in the Vietnam war. NASA's organizational culture and the Challenger and Columbia disasters. Merck's VIOXX on-going trials. Virtual corporations and the ValuJet crash Federal government's stand-offs at Ruby Ridge and Waco and the catastrophic Oklahoma City bombing. Major Institutional Sectors That Share Responsibility for Democracy Federal Government (Internal checks and balances?) Civil Liberties Organizations (Linking Citizens and Government) State Governors (Quasi-autonomous) Public Opinion (Bedrock of legitimization) The Press ("Fourth Estate," "Watchdog") ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern