Chapter 21 - Ch. 21: Absolute Power and the Aristocratic...

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Ch. 21: Absolute Power and the Aristocratic Style Absolutism – political theory asserting that unlimited power be vested in one or more rulers (like theocratic monarchs) Rulers had a centralized bureaucracy and a standing army. King Louis XIV of France : -under him, France became a political and military leader in W. Europe -see textbook for pictures of him -he helped bring about the Classical Baroque style of art which was a hallmark of 17 th century France -during his 72 years on the throne, he never called the Estates General (France’s representative body – like our Congress) into session -he challenged feudal nobility and placed the church under the authority of the state -his official insignia was Apollo, the Greek god of the sun, and he called himself the “Sun King” -under him, the center of artistic patronage and productivity moved from Italy to France -France dominated European artistic tastes well into the 20 th century -France was the undisputed military leader in W. Europe -he was very extravagant and spent a lot to glorify himself and he left France in a bad financial condition Versailles, France : -King Louis XIV moved his capital from the Louvre in Paris to his father’s hunting lodge at the village of Versailles (12 miles from Paris) and created a palace there -André Le Notre designed the gardens; Louis Le Vau was the architect of the main building, and Jules Hardouin-Mansart was the architect of the wings of the building -it took 36,000 workers and 20 years to build the palace at Versailles -it became a symbol of Louis’ absolute supremacy -the village of Versailles was almost ½ the size of Paris -the palace was connected to the old capital (the Louvre) by a grand boulevard that ran 12 miles -the palace is almost 2,000 square feet of royal residence shaped like a winged horseshoe -the façade became the prototype for the remodeled Louvre in Paris (the Louvre in now a museum in Paris) -the palace housed Louis, his family, his mistresses, and hundreds of members of the French nobility -rank at court was determined by where one sat at dinner and whether both doors were opened upon entering a room -there were barracks for honor guards, lodging for over 1,500 servants, greenhouses, kennels, and orange groves -there were also 7 square miles of gardens -the palace lacked any indoor plumbing -the palace is now a museum with gardens
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-Hall of Mirrors – one of the most well-known parts of the palace. 240 feet long hall with frescoes, marble pilasters, gilded bronze, and candelabras. There are 17 mirrored arcades across from 17 windows that look out to the garden. -Drawing Room of War – room in the palace that has a low relief sculpture of Louis on horse receiving the victor’s crown after battle. -
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This note was uploaded on 07/12/2008 for the course HUMANITIES 2230 taught by Professor Goldman during the Spring '08 term at Tallahassee Community College.

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Chapter 21 - Ch. 21: Absolute Power and the Aristocratic...

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