HST 102 Extra Credit Study

HST 102 Extra Credit Study - HST 102 Extra Credit(aka"the...

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HST 102 EXTRA CREDIT ASSIGNMENT Extra Credit (aka “the Quiz Buffer”) (Option #1) Wite a 500-800 word opinion essay discussing one of the following questions: 1. Akenhaton and Constantine were both powerful “emperors” and religious reformers in their respective civilizations (Egypt and Rome.) Compare the two and the effect their “programs” had on their societies. Who was more successful? Why? Akenhaten and Constantine both reformed their religious institutions from polytheism to monotheism. Both reforms had an impact to the society however, Akenhaten's reform failed because the change was too much too dramatic for the people. Akenhaten closed the temple of other gods, reducing the power of priesthood, replaced the capital of Egypt, Thebes with Akhetaten, and while pre-occupied with the new monotheistic religion, Akenhaten neglected his responsibilities as a pharoah, ignoring foreign affairs which caused Egypt to lose to Syria and Palestine. Akenhaten's reform failed after his death. His successor Tutankhamen restored the old gods, returned the government's structure and priesthood positions, and thus the people's beliefs were back to as they were before Akenhaten's reign. Constantine on the other hand was a more successful religious reformer in his time. Because of his victories in the expansion of the empire, his conquests made him the most powerful emperor of the Roman Empire after Diocletian retired. Unlike Akenhaten, Constantine was an authority figure who did not neglect his duty as an emperor- his military power was strong, and he did restored order and stability in the Roman Empire. At his later life, when Constantine converted to Christianity, the Edict of Milan was issued stating that the Roman Empire now officially tolerated the existence of Christianity, but did not outlaw other religions. While Christianity spread throughout the empire, other religions and temples dedicated to other gods still coexist in the Roman Empire. All the emperors after Constantine were Christian (except Julian who
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This note was uploaded on 07/13/2008 for the course HST 102 taught by Professor Satterlee during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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HST 102 Extra Credit Study - HST 102 Extra Credit(aka"the...

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