UNIT 2 notes - UNIT 2 CH5\/1 CULTURES CLASH ON THE PRAIRIE The Culture of the Plains Indians Native Americans lived on the Great Plains the grasslands in

UNIT 2 notes - UNIT 2 CH5/1 CULTURES CLASH ON THE PRAIRIE...

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UNIT 2 CH5/1 CULTURES CLASH ON THE PRAIRIE The Culture of the Plains Indians Native Americans lived on the Great Plains the grasslands in the western central part of the U.S . They followed a life dictated by horses and Buffaloes . The Horse allowed natives to hunt more easily and travel farther to find food. Buffaloes provided food , clothing , and shelter The Indians of the Great Plains lived in small extended family groups called tribes The men hunted for food and women prepared the food and tanned the Buffalo Hides to make clothing and shelter . . After the Civil War thousands of white settlers moved to the Great Plains searching for gold or to own land because of PUSH/PULL FACTORS AND MIGRATION MIGRATION – LARGE AMOUNTS OF PEOPLE MOVE FROM AREA OF THE COUNTRY TO ANOTHER PUSH & PULL FACTORS - Reasons why people would move from the East to the id West PUSH FACTORS (PUSHED OUT OF HOMES) - DISCRIMINATION (AA) DROUGHT AND FAMINE PULL FACTORS ( PULLED PEOPLE TO MOVE WEST , They were NEW CHEAP LAND , GOLD , NO DISCRIMINATION , RELOCATION OF INDIAN TRIBES TO RESERVATIONS Settlers argued that natives did nothing to “ improve “ the land so they had the right to stake a claim on it and take it from the Indians who had lived there for centuries . Natives and settlers fought on the Great Plains (Minnesota to Texas and Illinois to California) over land and resources (Gold, Silver, and Iron ore) . The Cheyenne Indians of Colorado had been attacking them trying to take back their lands THE SAND CREEK MASSACRE – The U.S. Army protected the settlers by attacking THE NATIVES and killing over 200 warriors WOMEN AND CHILDREN
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. In the Treaty of Laramie the Sioux Indians agreed to live on reservations Sitting Bull Sioux Chief NEVER SIGNED THE TREATY 1876 Sitting Bull defeats Army troops led by General George Armstrong Custer at the BATTLE OF THE LITTLE BIG HORN RIVER . Custer was killed along with ALL OF HIS MEN The army recovered and defeated the Sioux nations within months of the defeat THE GOVERNMENT SUPPORTS ASSIMILATION – THE BATLE OF WOUNDED KNEE To deal with the Native American problem the U.S. government used a plan called ASSIMILATION . Assimilation is when one culture TRIES TO blends in with another culture The plan called for Natives would give up their beliefs and culture and became part of the white culture . Congress passed the Dawes Act to push for Assimilation to happen . The Dawes Act broke up the reservations and gave some land to EACH NATIVE FAMILY TO FARM Natives were not given the best land for farming and the plan FAILED BY 1900 White settlers had killed most of the Buffalo’s that the Indians depended on for EVERYTHING TO SURVIVE SO THE NATIVES WOULD HAVE TO LIVE ON THE RESERVATIONS The Sioux begin a native custom of the GHOST DANCE to bring the buffalo back .1890 The U.S. Army captured the Sioux and killed 300 natives in the Battle of Wounded knee.
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CATTLE BECOMES BIG BUSINESS – What caused the cattle business to grow Cattle ranching became big business after the Civil War .
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