Phil Paper 1 Final

Phil Paper 1 Final - 2 the ruler that the subjects should...

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2 the ruler that the subjects should act justly, but harmful for those who obey and serve. Thrasymachus claims also that “a just man must always get less than does an unjust one” (Plato 343d). A just man lives a life of unhappiness while the unjust live a life of luxury and are praised by others. The most complete form of injustice, tyranny, brings about the most rewards for the unjust and the most suffering for those who suffer the injustice. Thrasymachus says that those who condemn injustice do so because they fear suffering it, and not because they would not do it (Plato 344c). He also claims that unjust people are wise and good if they can bring cities and nations under their power (Plato 348d). Thrasymachus equates justice with naiveté and injustice with virtue. William’s amoralist, by acting in a way that is favorable and advantageous for himself, would be described by Thrasymachus as unjust. The amoralist often fares better than others because of his willingness to take advantage of anyone and everyone. He is not bound by any obligations, even if he makes promises, because he is very willing to break them without explanation or justification. Being unjust, the amoralist can behave in an entirely self-interested way and therefore gain more in the way of material possessions than a just person, which Thrasymachus would wholeheartedly believe. By not caring about the wellbeing of others, the amoralist is able to do things that others are simply unwilling to do. He has no qualms about lying, stealing, or acting dishonorably. His reputation might mean nothing more to him than a means to satisfying other desires. If others dislike him he does not complain; he cannot resent or disapprove of any action of anyone. Given the above description, it is possible to see the beginnings of divergence between the character of the amoralist and Thrasymachus’ view of the unjust. The amoralist, even though he is only concerned with his own well-being, does not necessarily impose his will onto others.
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3 Williams says that the amoralist has some preferences and desires, which could range from pleasure to “a passion for collecting things” (Williams 4). It would presumably be possible for an amoralist to have no other desire than for collecting bugs, going shopping, or playing games. In such a case, the amoralist would hardly be a burden on society. There are many passions that do not involve having power over another, or doing injustice to them, or doing anything that others would find inappropriate or out of the ordinary. On the other hand, an entirely unjust person would have a passion for controlling people and using them as pawns in his quest for power and
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Phil Paper 1 Final - 2 the ruler that the subjects should...

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