Changes of Adolescence
Steinberg, Introduction, pp. 3-19:
How do different perspectives influence how we define the beginning and ending of adolescence?
We are forced to integrate them in order to get a comprehensive understanding, not just one perspective
Using different perspectives what are some boundaries for the beginning and end of adolescence?(p.6)
Biological=onset puberty/capable of sexual reproduction
Emotional= beginning of detachment from parents/attainment of separate sense of identity
Cognitive= emergence of more advancement reasoning abilities/ consolidation of advanced reasoning
Legal=attainment of juvenile status/attainment of majority status
SEE PAGE 6 FOR COMPLETE LIST
When are early, middle and late adolescence?
What are some other terms for late adolescence?
Emerging adult hood, or youth
What are the components of John Hill’s framework for studying adolescence?
The fundamental changes of adolescence:Biological transitions, Cognitive transitions, and social
Context of Adolescence: the specific influences on development that are unique to the individual
(i.e., families, peers, schools)
psychosocial developments of adolescence: identity, autonomy, intimacy, sexuality,
Explain G. Stanley Hall’s view of adolescence.
Biological theorist that stresses the hormonal and physical changes of puberty, influenced by Darwin;
Hall believed that the development of the individual paralleled the development of the human
Mostly determined by instinct and genetic forces, hardly influenced by the
How do psychoanalytic theorists view adolescence?
: A time of upheaval, the hormonal changes of puberty upset the psychic balance that had been
achieved during the prior psychosexual stage called “latency”, hormones have increased the sexual drive
and psychosexual conflicts are a result
: stressed the psychosocial rather than psychosexual conflicts, emphasis development of “ego” the
part of psyche that regulates emotion, thought, and behavior: Identity vs. Identy Diffusion
is the stage
: transition from concrete to abstract though, capable of thinking in hypothetical terms
Explain whether learning theories, sociological theories, historical theories, and anthropological theories stress
genetic or environmental components of adolescent development.
: stresses environmental, the capacity for the individual to learn from experience
emphasize reinforcement and punishment as main influence of
adolescence behavior (Skinner)