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hd216 prelim 1 study guide

hd216 prelim 1 study guide - Changes of Adolescence Social...

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Changes of Adolescence Social Transitions Steinberg, Introduction, pp. 3-19: How do different perspectives influence how we define the beginning and ending of adolescence? We are forced to integrate them in order to get a comprehensive understanding, not just one perspective will suffice Using different perspectives what are some boundaries for the beginning and end of adolescence?(p.6) Biological=onset puberty/capable of sexual reproduction Emotional= beginning of detachment from parents/attainment of separate sense of identity Cognitive= emergence of more advancement reasoning abilities/ consolidation of advanced reasoning Legal=attainment of juvenile status/attainment of majority status SEE PAGE 6 FOR COMPLETE LIST When are early, middle and late adolescence? Early= 10-13yrs Middle= 14-17yrs Late= 18- What are some other terms for late adolescence? Emerging adult hood, or youth What are the components of John Hill’s framework for studying adolescence? 1. The fundamental changes of adolescence:Biological transitions, Cognitive transitions, and social transitions 2. Context of Adolescence: the specific influences on development that are unique to the individual (i.e., families, peers, schools) 3. psychosocial developments of adolescence: identity, autonomy, intimacy, sexuality, Explain G. Stanley Hall’s view of adolescence. Biological theorist that stresses the hormonal and physical changes of puberty, influenced by Darwin; Hall believed that the development of the individual paralleled the development of the human species=recaptitulation Mostly determined by instinct and genetic forces, hardly influenced by the environment How do psychoanalytic theorists view adolescence? Freud : A time of upheaval, the hormonal changes of puberty upset the psychic balance that had been achieved during the prior psychosexual stage called “latency”, hormones have increased the sexual drive and psychosexual conflicts are a result Erikson : stressed the psychosocial rather than psychosexual conflicts, emphasis development of “ego” the part of psyche that regulates emotion, thought, and behavior: Identity vs. Identy Diffusion is the stage for adolescence. Piaget : transition from concrete to abstract though, capable of thinking in hypothetical terms Explain whether learning theories, sociological theories, historical theories, and anthropological theories stress genetic or environmental components of adolescent development. Learning theories : stresses environmental, the capacity for the individual to learn from experience Behaviorist emphasize reinforcement and punishment as main influence of adolescence behavior (Skinner)
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Social learning theorists (Bandura) emphasize modeling and observational learning, watching and imitating those around them.
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