Anthro Test 3 material - Anthropology test 3 Studying the past Studying the past involves both physical anthropology and archaeology our focus here is

Anthro Test 3 material - Anthropology test 3 Studying the...

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Anthropology test 3 Studying the past Studying the past involves both physical anthropology and archaeology … our focus here is the study of the fossil and material records of ancient humans. The problem of reconstruction Taphonomy: The scientific study of the burial and deposition of bone assemblages South African caves example of taphonomic processes at work Archaeology: the scientific study of the material remains of past human cultures and behavior Sub disciplines of cultural anthropology What it isn’t? It’s not political Goals of archaeology Document the past Reconstruct the past Figure out why the past happened the way it did (and possible learn something useful for the future in the process) Basic categories of archeological evidence 1. Artifacts: the portable products and by-products of human behavior 2. Ecofacts: organic remains which are used, or affected by people like plant remains, animal bones and pollen grains 3. Features: non-portable artifacts, such as pits, walls and buildings.
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