This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: Chapter 4: Traditional Folk & Religious Music • Traditional folk music is considered informal, aesthetically & musically unsophisticated, & usually simple. • Typically, it's preserved & transmitted by learning songs from memory, rather than from notated, printed music- thus, we can think of it as a body of music consisting of traditional songs & dances derived from an oral tradition. Chapter 6: Jazz • Jazz began in the early part of the 20 th century in the bars & nightclubs of poor urban neighborhoods, particularly in New Orleans- these were the places where musicians who aspired to a career playing jazz were able to find employment; the jazz they played emerged from a combining of the songs, dances, & musical instincts & preferences of people of African & European (French & Spanish) heritage. • Basic melodic, harmonic, & rhythmic characteristics: Repetitive & characteristic patterns, motives, & themes; phrases, phrase groupings (question-answer phrase patterns), & cadences (open & closed). Musical lines other than melody (drum patterns, bass lines, comping). Personal interpretation & melodic embellishment. Rhythmic impulse: the character of the rhythm (a driving beat, a fluid rhythm, a weak or uneven pulse). Chord changes & chord progressions. • Jazz began in the early days of radio & recordings. • Common characteristics of jazz: The music swings- this is the jazz rhythm. Musicians use improvisation. The rhythm includes a lot of syncopation (off-beat rhythms). Typical jazz instruments- saxophone, trumpet, trombone, drums, bass, & piano; sometimes jazz is played on instruments that aren’t commonly used in jazz- flute, tuba, organ, & harp. • Swing is the product of some combination of the following: Swing rhythm. A unique combination of timekeeping & syncopation. Melodies that aren’t played as written. Vibrato- a shaking or wobbling of tones; this is frequently a slow, wide vibrato, sometimes a combination of a straight tone followed by vibrato. Instruments played in a ways unique, or nearly unique, to jazz. • Combo jazz- between 2 & 9 players (but usually 3-5)....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 07/13/2008 for the course MUNM 13000 taught by Professor Wilson during the Spring '08 term at Ithaca College.
- Spring '08