Articles - Simmons BA312 1 Running head WOMEN AND THEIR...

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Simmons BA312 1 Running head: WOMEN AND THEIR PROMOTIONS IN CORPORATE AMERICA Women and Their Promotions in Corporate America Teresa Gay Simmons BA 312 Organizational Behavior
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Simmons BA312 2 Daily, Certo and Dalton (1999) state that women continue to deal with being plagued by “the ‘glass ceiling’ phenomenon” (p. 93). According to Merriam-Webster dictionary the term glass ceiling refers “an intangible barrier within the hierarchy of a company that prevents women or minorities from obtaining upper-level positions”. According to Davies-Netzley (1998) a glass ceiling refers to “invisible barriers though which women can see elite positions but cannot reach them” (p. 340). Women are normally considered sensitive and therefore not strong enough to hold senior level positions within the corporation. Davies-Netzley (1998) found that male executives feel that their female peers are unable to devote the time to their jobs like the male gender can due to the other roles women have such as motherhood. Even more so mothers in the workforce are viewed as not having the ability to effectively juggle family and work. There is belief among Daily, Certo, and Dalton (1999) that the glass ceiling may be different among organizations. According to the publication, The Economist (2005, July) 45.7% of women held a bachelors degree; however 95% of the senior managers were men. As women continue to develop in the business world, they are positioning themselves better for upper management positions. In the January 3, 2008, web edition of USA today it reported that in 1996 only one woman was “running a Fortune 500 company”. Powell and Butterfield (1994) indicated that women are not threatened by the glass ceiling, but that women were being recognized at times more than men in middle management positions. Some organizations are finding that by promoting women in upper level positions is necessary due to the market they serve. Davis-Netzley (1998) found nine women (five of whom had children) who hold either the title of president or chief executive office. As noted by Daily, Certo, and Dalton (1999) Avon Products Inc. has mostly women as customers and felt it
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This note was uploaded on 07/13/2008 for the course BUSINESS 312 taught by Professor Rush during the Summer '08 term at Campbellsville University.

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Articles - Simmons BA312 1 Running head WOMEN AND THEIR...

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