Exam 1 Notes

Exam 1 Notes - Blues – most distant musical form directly...

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Unformatted text preview: January 31, 2008 Blues – most distant musical form directly related to rock and roll Song form originating in the south • c.a. 1890-1910 • Mississippi Delta Region • African American Music • giving voice to experience of the rural southern agrarian lifestyle expressing hopes, dreams, struggles, sorrows, etc ‘call and answer’ procedure references West African musical styling • besides providing formal structure for songs, blues also provide seminal guitar language Robert Johnson 1911-1938 • Professional musician, did not make much money • traveled from town to town • had a girlfriend in each town • was poisoned by a jealous husband • blues considered to be absolutely semantic Cultural Forces Shaping the Development of RnR Economic • Post WWII Economic Boom • Principal Benefits o Ends Depression o Mainstream society becomes affluent, upward mobility o New social class: Teenager . New demographic characterized by newfound leisure time and discretionary money, becoming market Demography • Baby Boom (1946-1953) – 50% increase in US Baby Crop. Providing great numbers of youth for RnR’s development in the 60’s 1 • African American migration to northern cities (Chicago, Cleveland, Baltimore, Detroit, etc) from rural south (1930-40), creating demand for southern lifestyle (especially blues) in north Technological Developments • Recording Industry o 1948 Columbia Records developed 12” 33 1/3 RPM phonograph record Very sensitive o 1949 RCA records 7” 45 RPM phonograph record o Both replace old technology: 10” 78 RPM shellac phonograph record o Broadcast Industry o Popularization of television (1947-1956) replaces radio as chief means of broadcast entertainment o Radio decimate, all of best radio shows transition to visual (TV) format o Radio abandons varied programming and, seeking to maintain market share, chooses to make recorded music its chief programming, configured into the short song radio show format o Radio announcer transitions into DJs (disc jockeys) Proliferation and Programming of Radio o Robert Todd Storz credited with creating Top 40 pop song format in early 1950s at KOWH in Omaha, NB o 1941: 813 US AM Radio Stations 1956: 3000+ US AM Radio Stations o Majority of new stations are independent and thus free to develop their own programming o Under new radio climate , quality pop songs flags badly under pressure from sponsors to provide musical entertainment that does no offend or alienate listerner o Patti Page “How Much is that Doggie in the Window?” 1953 Rhythm and Blues 2 o Term created for labeling a specific genre of music, used in two senses: o In it’s most general sense: used to label any music (except gospel and jazz) made by African Americans for African Americans o A genre of music that combines the rhythmic vitality and energy of jazz with the form and technical sentiment o The term was coined by Jerry Wexler, a Billboard music journalist who covered race music or race records...
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Exam 1 Notes - Blues – most distant musical form directly...

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