ETHNICS - Functional Theory A stable, cooperative social...

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Functional Theory A stable, cooperative social system in which everything has a function and provides the basis of a harmonious society. Societal elements function together to maintain order, stability and equilibrium. Social problems or dysfunctions, result from temporary disorganization or maladjustment. Rapid social change is the most frequent cause of loss of societal equilibrium. Necessary adjustments will restore the social system to a state of equilibrium. Conflict Theory Society is continually engaged in a series of disagreements, tensions, and clashes. Conflict is inevitable because new elites form, even after the previously oppressed group wins. Disequilibrium and change are the norm because of social inequalities. If we know who benefits from exploitations, we understand why discrimination persists. False consciousness is a technique by which a ruling elite maintains power and control of resources. Group cohesiveness and struggle against oppression are necessary to effect social change. Interactionist Theory A focus on the microsocial world of personal interaction patterns in everyday life. Shared symbols and definitions provide the basis for interpreting life experiences. A social construction of reality becomes internalized, making it seem to those who adopt it as if it were objective fact. Shared expectations and understandings, or their absence, explain intergroup relations. Better communication and intercultural awareness improve majority-minority interaction patterns. ____________ Minority: An identifiable people of a certain class (usually lower class), ascribed status, different culture. Ethnocentrism: belief that your culture is superior to others. Racism: linking the biological conditions of a human organism with alleged sociocultural capabilities and behavior to assert the superiority of one race. When people believe that one race is superior to another because of economic advantages or specific achievements, racist thinking prevails. Race: is based on biological aspects of a certain people (ex: color of skin, genetics) Ethnicity: based on your cultural background/nationality (ex: language) Part 2 Social Structure: organized patterns of behavior among the basic components of a social system – establishes relatively predictable social relationships among the different people in society. (upper, middle, lower)
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ETHNICS - Functional Theory A stable, cooperative social...

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