criminal justice 101 ch1-2

criminal justice 101 ch1-2 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE FINAL REVIEW...

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE FINAL REVIEW Chapter 1 Goals of Criminal Justice 1. Doing Justice: Three Principles 1. Offenders will be held fully accountable for their actions 2. The rights of the persons who have the contact with the system will  be protected. 3. Like offenses will be treated alike and officials will take into account  relevant differences among offenders and offenses 2. Controlling Crime: arresting, prosecuting, convicting, and punishing those who  disobey the law. 3. Preventing Crime: deterrent effect of the actions of police, courts, and  corrections. Discretion: The authority to make decisions without reference to specific rules or  facts, using instead one’s own judgment; allows for individualization and  informality in the administration of justice.  Police: Enforce specific laws, investigate specific crimes, search people,  vicinities, buildings, and arrest or detain people. Prosecutors: File charges or petitions for adjudication, seek indictments,  drop cases, and reduce charges. Judges: Set bail or conditions for release, accept pleas, determine  delinquency, dismiss charges, impose sentence, and revoke probation. Correctional Officers: Assign to which type of correctional facility, 
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criminal justice 101 ch1-2 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE FINAL REVIEW...

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