CRJ101 ch 10-14

CRJ101 ch 10-14 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE FINAL 2 CHAPTER 10 The...

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CRIMINAL JUSTICE FINAL 2 CHAPTER 10 The Goals of Punishment - Retribution (Deserved Punishment): Punishment inflicted on a person who has  infringed on the rights of others and so deserves to be penalized. - Deterrence: 1. General Deterrence: Punishment of criminals that is intended to  be an example to the general public and to discourage the commission of  offenses. 2. Specific Deterrence: Punishment inflicted on criminals to discourage them from  committing future crimes.  - Incapacitation: Depriving an offender of the ability to commit crimes against  society, usually by detaining the offender in prison. - Selective Incapacitation: Making the best use of expensive and limited prison  space by targeting for incarceration those individuals whose incapacity will do the  most to reduce crime in society.  - Rehabilitation: The goal of restoring a convicted offender to a constructive place  in society through some form of vocational or educational training or therapy.  Incarceration - Imprisonment is the most visible penalty imposed by the U.S. Courts. - Basic sentence structures are 1. Indeterminate sentence: A period, set by a judge, that specifies a minimum and  maximum time to be served in prison. Sometime after the minimum, the offender  may be eligible for parole. Because it is based on the idea that the time  necessary for treatment cannot be set, the indeterminate sentence is closely  associated with rehabilitation. 2. Determinate Sentence: A sentence that fixes the term of imprisonment at a  specific period. - Determinate Presumptive Sentence: A sentence for which the legislature or a 
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CRJ101 ch 10-14 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE FINAL 2 CHAPTER 10 The...

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