Chapter 8 - Motivation & Emotion Chapter 8 Internal...

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Unformatted text preview: Motivation & Emotion Chapter 8 Internal processes that initiate, sustain, and direct activities Motivation Model of Motivation NEED DRIVE RESPONSE GOAL (Need Reduction) Motivation Incentive value Types of Motives Primary Stimulus Secondary Primary Motives Hunger Pain Sex Hunger The Physiology of Hunger Hypoglycemia Hypothalamus Set Point Basal Metabolic Rate Lateralstimulate Ventromedialdepress Hunger The Psychology of Hunger Culture Food as an external incentive Taste Preference Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Eating Disorders Culture Role of the Media Body Image Distortion Pain Episodic drive Pain tolerance Sex Hormones Estrogen Androgens Sexual Motivation Kinsey Masters & Johnson Sexual Response Cycle: Excitement Plateau Orgasm Resolution Alfred Kinsey Stimulus Motives Arousal theory Sensation Seekers Secondary Motives Social Motives Success Money Approval Power Secondary Motives Need for Achievement Beanbag toss: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Motivation Intrinsic Extrinsic Emotion Emotions Primary & Mixed Emotions Physiology of Emotion Fight or Flight ANS Sympathetic NS Parasympathetic NS Physiology of Emotion Polygraph Heart rate Blood pressure Breathing rate Galvanic skin response Expressing Emotions Gender differences? learned Cultural differences? U.S. individualism Asia group harmony Universal Expressions Is He Faking It? Fake Smile Duchenne Smile Body Language Kinesics study of body language Can you read body language? Theories of Emotion JamesLange Theory: CannonBard Theory: Schachter TwoFactor Theory: Contemporary Model ANS arousal Emotional stimulus Cognitive appraisal (Danger) Behavior (run) Emotional expression (fearful face) Emotional feelings (fear) Emotional Intelligence Selfawareness Empathy Managing, understanding, & using emotions ...
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