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Unformatted text preview: Culture is a superorganic entity Three levels, technological, social organization, and ideological Each level rested on the previous one 5 stages Human muscle Animal muscle Plant energy Natural resource energy Nuclear energy Julian Haynes steward Theory on Social Change, 1955 Quote There are no theories unless based upon fact, but facts exist only within the context of a theory Advocated inductive reasoning and the gathering of data, but also brought back deductive reasoning to anthro Epistemology Steward pioneered settlement pattern archaeology Also stressed importance of ethnographic data for archaeological investigations Steward sought cause and effect relationships in historical situations Primarily known for cultural ecology and...
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- Spring '08