Chemistry 222 Chapter 2 Problems

Chemistry 222 Chapter 2 Problems - a hexane b cyclohexane c...

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Chapter 2: 13, 14, 19, 23, 24, 40, 43, 55 13. For each condensed structural formula, write a line angle formula. a. CH 3 CH 2 CHCHCH 2 CHCH 3 b. CH 3 CCH 3 c. (CH 3 ) 2 CHCH(CH 3 ) 2 d. CH 3 CH 2 CCH 2 CH 3 e. (CH 3 ) 3 C f. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 CH(CH 3 ) 2 CH 2 CH 3 CH 3 CH(CH 3 ) 2 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 14. Write the molecular formula for each alkane. a. b .
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19. For which parts do the pairs of structural formulas represent constitutional isomers? O O O O N H NH 2 O OH a. b. c. d. e. f.
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23. Write the IUPAC names for these alkanes and cycloalkanes. a. CH 3 CHCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 b. CH 3 CHCH 2 CH 2 CHCH 3 c. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CHCH 2 CH 3 d. e. f. CH 3 CH 3 CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 24. Write the line-angle formulas for these alkanes and cycloalkanes a. 2,2,4-trimethylhexane b. 2,2-dimethylpropane c. 3-ethyl-2,4,5-trimethyloctane d. 5-butyl-2,2-dimethylnonane e. 4-isopropyloctane f. 3,3-dimethylpentane g. trans -1,3-dimethylcyclopentane h. cis -2,3-diethylcyclobutane 40. Write balanced equations for the combustion of each of the following hydrocarbons. Assume that each is converted completely to carbon dioxide and water.
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Unformatted text preview: a. hexane b. cyclohexane c. 2-methylpentane 43. The reaction of chlorine with pentane gives a mixture of 3 chloroalkanes with the molecular formula C 5 H 11 Cl. Write a line-angle formula and an IUPAC name for each chloroalkane. 52. Explain why each of the following is an incorrect IUPAC name. Write the correct IUPAC name for the compound. a. 1,3-dimethylbutane b. 4-methylpentane c. 2,2-diethylbutane d. 2-ethyl-3-methylpentane e. 2-propylpentane f. 2,2-diethylheptane g. 2,2-dimethylcyclopropane h. 1-ethyl-5-methylcyclohexane 55. Dodecane, C 12 H 26 , is an unbranched alkane. Predict the following: a. Will it dissolve in water? b. Will it dissolve in hexane? c. Will it burn when ignited? d. Is it a liquid, solid, or gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure? e. Is it more of less dense than water?...
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Chemistry 222 Chapter 2 Problems - a hexane b cyclohexane c...

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