philosophy notes

philosophy notes - Logic & Therapy Freewill, Love &...

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A Word and Words: A Defense of Philosophy Christ is called logos=word for reason or logic E.C.O. Col 2.8 “See to it that no one takes you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world, rather than according to Christ.” ^figure it out Words and things Terms express concepts (ideas) Ex: table, brown, western civilization, eastern logic, music, corportation, objective moral values Clear or ambiguous -Propositions express states of affairs (a way in which things are) Ex: it is raining, being colored red, abortion is legal in the US True or False Arguments express sequences of thoughts formed to present a way things are Ex: all men are mortal; Socrates is a man; therefore, Socrates is mortal Ex: all good music consists of good lyrics; some secular songs consist of good lyrics; therefore, some secular songs may be considered good music Valid or invalid; sound of unsound; cogent or unconvincing Logic is the tool by which we rightly reason - indeed reason at all (even emotions rely on reason; ex: heartbrokenness and the law of no contradiction) Logic is also the study of the rules of reasoning Aristotelian logic: assumes linguistic terms express mental concepts which represent real essence (I.E.
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philosophy notes - Logic & Therapy Freewill, Love &...

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