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islam mmw3 - 12:58:00 PM Within 100 year of prophet's death...

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28/05/2008 14:58:00 Within 100 year of prophet’s death: c730 Charles “Martel” stops Arab advance  into Europe How could small Arab forces quickly beat 2 empires? Wars of Byzantium(Eastern Roman empire) vs Persia had exhausted both  empires “heretical” Christians in Syria and N. Africa welcomed in the Arabs as  liberators from the “orthodox” emperor dhimmi     : protected communities of People of the Book:  without full legal rights, and pay higher tax; acknowledge Muslim gov’t., but manage own internal affairs Koran2:256: “Let there be no compulsion in relgion” As territory expanded: Troops: clans, with own leaders; contribute revenue to but not controlled by  central gov’t  Early caliphs and governors try to run empire like a village, without an  institutional gov’t: o No bureaucracy, no paid staff o
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  • Spring '08
  • Chamberlain
  • small arab forces, institutional gov't, Persian institutional gov't, urban living Arabs, Arab military think

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