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Unformatted text preview: I. Russia and the newly Independent States A. This chapter presents an alternatingly bleak and hopeful picture of the huge region that composes a large portion of the former Soviet Union. B. Fragments vary in size from Russia, a country more that twice the size of the United States, to smaller republics and very tiny autonomous regions that are, in reality, enclaves within larger entities. C. For Russia, the breakup of the former Soviet Union in 1991 mean the loss of agricultural produce and industrial products on which it had grown to depend. 1. The future of the region that once was the Soviet Union is difficult to assess. 2. The quality of life for the average citizen deteriorated dramatically in the 1990s, and life expectancies began to drop. 3. Birth rates are barely at replacement levels. 4. The factories built during the Soviet period face obsolescence, and environmental protections for workers still are practically nonexistent. 5. People are dying prematurely of chronic diseases cause by lax environmental standards, and by chemicals and poisons spewed into the air and the nearby water bodies. 6. The cycle of dependence that has been ingrained in the citizenry for over 70 years will be difficult to break, but the region continues its tenuous march toward democratic practices and a market economy. 7. The economic and political changes in this region provide increased opportunities, but also bring hardships and uncertainty. 8. The end of the Soviet Union gave way to transitions away form authoritarian governments to democracy, and from command economies to economies based on private ownership. 9. The international roles of the countries that formed the Soviet Union are still unclear. D. According to your book this region is broken up into: 1. Russia and the Eurasian Republics (Russian Federation) a. European Russia b. East of Urals 2. Eurasian Republics a. Belarus b. Moldova c. Ukraine 3. Caucasia a. Georgia b. Armenia c. Azerbaijan 4. Central Asian Republics a. Kazakhstan b. Turkmenistan c. Uzbekistan d. Tajikistan e. Kyrgyzstan II. Physical Geography A. Landforms (Moving west to east) 1. Eastern extension of the Northern European Plain a. rolls low and flat from the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and Romania b. Extends 1200 miles to the Ural Mountains c. This is European Russia because the Ural Mountains traditionally considered the border between Europe and Asia d. **Most densely settled art of the region** e. It is the agricultural and industrial core....
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- Spring '07
- Central Asian republics