geog_4_05

geog_4_05 - Human Environment of North America Peopling of...

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    Human Environment of North  America Peopling of the America’s European Settlement Manifest Destiny Modern Era
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    The Peopling of the Americas 2 Theories 1-Trans-Oceanic 2-Bering Strait (3-Aliens)
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    Aborigines, aboriginal peoples, indigenes,  indigenous people(s): The native people of a place or region, the first people .
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    Transoceanic Theory that the first human settlers to the  America’s were from Asia  Built “reed” sailing vessels to make the  journey People have tried to recreate this journey Probably not true
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    Bering Land Bridge
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    Beringia—25,000 to 14,000 BP+/-, a landform up to 1,000 miles wide.
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    Archeological Evidence Old Crow Site in Canada Poverty Point Louisiana Sites in Mexico and Central America Sites in South America, Monte Verde, Chile
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    A drawing of how the ancient settlement at Monte Verde, Chile  may have looked.
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    The “Three Wave Theory” Three Distinct Language Groups: Amerind Na-Dene Eskimo-Aleut
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    Brought to Americas at Different Times,  languages change slowly… Amerind, came before 11,000 years BP Na-Dene, came at 10,000 years BP Eskimo-Aleut, came at 4,500 years BP These were to spawn more than 2,000  European Contact.
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    State: a politically organized territory that  is administered by a sovereign government  and is recognized by a significant portion  of the international community.  A state  must also have a permanent resident  population, and an organized economy
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    Nation : a tightly-knit people who possess  bonds of language, ethnicity, religion, and  other shared cultural attributes. Kurds Scots in Scotland Basques in Spain/France
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    Nation-State : a state whose population  possesses a high degree of cultural  homogeneity and unity. Ireland Japan Not the United States
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    Indigenous Landscape Over thousands of years these people  domesticated plants, built permanent  shelters, and in some places constructed  elaborate social systems Landscape looked much different after  contact (and especially today)
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    At European contact nearly 18 million indigenous  peoples lived on the North American Continent By 1542…9 million Why? Disease Inferior technology Trained animals (dogs, horses) By 1907…400,000 left
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    European Contact • 1492 Columbus • North American  settlement did not happen  until the 1600s • Settled into regions • These settlement regions  created distinct  landscapes based on the  physical environments  settled in and cultural  backgrounds of the  settlers
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2008 for the course GEOG 1001 taught by Professor Baksi during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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geog_4_05 - Human Environment of North America Peopling of...

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