intro - • • • What is geography? o Geography is the...

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What is geography ? o Geography is the study of the physical environment and how things act in the world. The word “geography” comes from the Latin words “geo” and “graphy”, Geo meaning earth, and graphy meaning the writing or description of. o Geography is a way to identify and rationally organize the things on the Earth’s surface- landforms, water, humans, et cetera. It is also a way to interpret spatial patterns or spatial variations in order to understand how humans live on the earth. Geography is about places and spaces. o Geography according to geographers The science of place and space. To be more specific, geographers ask where things are located on the surface of the earth, why they are located where they are, how places differ from one another, and how people interact with their environments. ( ) Study phenomena on the Earth’s surface using a spatial perspective- looking at spatial relationships. Who were the first people to study geography? o The Greeks and Romans were the first to look at these things. It grew out of the philosophical concern of “first beginnings” and the nature of the universe. The Greeks started to look at the physical environment (what things were characteristic about different places, what made one place different from another), including terrain and climate and the peoples who inhabited these places. They also measured the earth and stared to make sophisticated maps of their known world. They divide the global grid of latitude (horizontal) and longitude (vertical). They studied latitudinal variations- as you move north and south, the climate changes. They started writing about the different climates. They noted the consequences of human impacts on the environment. They studied what people did on their land and they tried to understand how people affected the world. Questions that Geographers ask o Where is it? (Location according to longitude and latitude) Areal differentiation - how is one place different from another place; how can we distinguish between locations Areal integration - how do things/places work together and connect through commerce, travel, et cetera. Regions - the world is broken up into different regions so that they can look at things that allow them to focus on a certain location. The region of North America includes Canada, USA, and Mexico
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o Mexico is sometimes grouped into Latin America Latin American includes Mexico, Central American, and South American Europe includes a whole lump of countries Russia is its own group Human/Environment interactions
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2008 for the course GEOG 1001 taught by Professor Baksi during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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intro - • • • What is geography? o Geography is the...

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