lecture6rhythmsentence_updated - SPHSC 111 Rhythm Sentence...

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SPHSC 111 Rhythm & Sentence Stress
Announcements Please turn in homework #3 (if you didn’t turn it in to my mailbox). Quiz 3 today (end of class). We’re more than halfway done! Only 3 labs, 1 homework assignment, and 1 quiz to go, and final (unless you have the points you need!)
Agenda Sentence stress Strategies and specific problems Quiz 3 (end of class)
Word Stress: Proper Names & Titles Last word in a proper name or title is given primary stress Mahatma GAN dhi Mr. and Mrs. Barack OBAMA The President of the United STATES Columbia UniVER sity St. John’s College at CAM bridge Toronto, OnTAR io Chicago, IlliNOIS Sports Il lustrated Time Ma gazine (or Time MagaZINE)
Word Stress: Abbreviations The last letter receives primary stress in abbreviations Bachelor of Science ……..B S Doctor of Philosophy …….Ph D Compact Disc ………….…C D National Public Radio ……NP R
Word Stress: Times & Dates The final item is given primary stress on times and dates Five to ten 4:19 p m 1:00 o’ clock Saturday morning, the 18th Wednesday, February 4, 200 9
Practice What is the syllable with greatest stress? happy Watermelon simplify GPA 12:42 pm The College of Law guitar Note the stressed syllable & transcribe the word Address (the verb): dr s əˈ ɛ Address (the noun): ædr s (or ædr s) ˈ ɛ ˈ ə
ha ppy Wa termelon sim plify GP A 12:42 pm The College of Law Gui tar Address (the verb): əˈ dr s ɛ Address (the noun): ˈ æ dr s ɛ (or ˈ æ dr s) ə
Producing Appropriate Rhythm 1. Properly stress syllables 2. Weaken (reduce) unstressed words and syllables 3. Organize words properly into thought groups by means of pauses 4. Fit entire sentence into a normal intonation pattern 5. Blend (link) the final sound of each word & syllable with the initial sound of the one following (within same thought group)
Rhythm of English English has uneven timing in stressed and unstressed syllables Timing consists of long and short beats Timing patterns change as meaning changes. I’d LIKE to TAKE my DOG for a WALK The amount of time it takes to say a sentence The amount of time it takes to say a sentence depends on the number of syllables & words that depends on the number of syllables & words that receive stress – not just the number of syllables. receive stress – not just the number of syllables.
Sentence Stress Accents tend to recur at regular intervals The more unstressed syllables there are, the more rapidly they are pronounced BIRDS EAT WORMS The BIRDS EAT WORMS The BIRDS EAT the WORMS.

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