Economic Effects of Immigration - Economic Effects of Immigration In-Class Discussion Is immigration good for America Is immigration good for South

Economic Effects of Immigration - Economic Effects of...

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Economic Effects of Immigration
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In-Class Discussion Is immigration good for America? Is immigration good for South Africa? What are the benefits of immigrant labor? Who benefits in home/host country? What are the downsides of immigrant labor? Who loses in home/host country?
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Immigrant Labor Competing Perspectives They take our jobs and eat our bread We get a productive member of the society for free (someone else trained and fed him/her for 18 years)
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Are Low-Skill Poor Immigrants Bad in the Long Run? Major waves of poor low-skill immigrants to North America Poor, uneducated, funny looking, seemingly uncultured, often criticized for lowering wages, taking jobs and contaminating local superior culture 1820-1870 – Irish 1881-1920 – Italians, Easter Europeans, Chinese 1935-1950 – refugees of WWII, many Jews In their times, perceived very much like Mexicans today 1889 cartoon stereotypes the Irish as unmixable in America's melting pot. A 1850s cartoon accusing the Irish and German immigrants of negatively affecting an election. More on immigrant stereotyping in the 19 th century:
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1888 cartoon in Puck attacks businessmen for welcoming large numbers of low paid immigrants, leaving the American workingman unemployed, reproduced from James H. Dormon, "Ethnic Stereotyping in American Popular Culture: The Depiction of American Ethnics in the Cartoon Periodicals of the Gilded Age," Amerikastudien, 1985, Vol. 30 Issue 4, pp 489-507
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Major Immigrant Recipient Countries
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Where immigrants come from and where they settle down in the US US Immigration Stats Total foreign-born population: 38M, about 12% of total population Illegal Immigrants: 11.5M (about 28% of all immigrants), 90% from Latin America Immigrants per year: Suggested readings: Immigration US, Wiki: http:// en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ Immigration_to_the_United_States Illegal Immigration in the US, Wiki: http:// en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ Illegal_immigration_to_the_United_States
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Where is the immigrant:locals ratio the highest A.USA, Canada B. Mexico C. Australia, New Zealand D.Germany, UK E. Qatar, UAE, Kuwait *technically it’s Vatican (100%)
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Immigration Effects: Immigrant (usually has a choice: stay or go) PRO More opportunities (better jobs: either higher pay, or respect, or growth) Opportunity to gain new experience Opportunity to have unique (e.g., cultural, technical) knowledge Often more freedom Often higher standard of living Adventure CON Leaving behind friends and family Often knowledge and experience inapplicable in host country; old achievements “expire” Often low status; less rights Often less job security; usually the first to go (to be gotten rid of) Need to adjust to new environment; may be difficult “No home” or “something’s missing” syndrome Typically, immigrants benefit – most immigrate freely, and they would not if they were not going for a better life.
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Immigration Effects: Country of Origin (usually has no choice people migrate as they wish) PRO
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