25 - Civil Rights I. The Equal Protection Clause II. Jim...

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Civil Rights I. The Equal Protection Clause II. Jim Crow III. Decline of Jim Crow IV. The Civil Rights Movement V. Title VII I. The 14th Amendment was a way to find some rights to African Americans and positive interference by the government. The 14th also did away with the 3/5 comprom- ise. Therefore, the Equal Protection Clause must be considered for the 14th Amendment. Legally, there are different kinds of discriminations. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 prohibits blacks from public accommodations. The Su- preme Court steps in with the Civil Rights Cases of 1883. In these cases, the Court says Congress has exceeded its powers in the 14th Amendment. Public accommodations such as restaurants and hotels are really private. The 14th protected blacks by state, not by private functions. After this conflict, the Supreme Court opens up the different aspects of discrimin- ation under the 14th. II. A time period called the Jim Crow South took place to try to keep blacks at the level they were at before the Civil War. Segregation became the order of the day. The Democratic Party was a key instrument in Jim Crow South. The (D) Party primaries were all white primaries so blacks were shunned from politics; also the (D) party in the south was a one party system so winning at the primary level meant they won for good. Improving the economic standings for blacks was difficult since the whites contin-
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25 - Civil Rights I. The Equal Protection Clause II. Jim...

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