SOCI 381 FINAL - Rob Rhodes Z102980 SOCI 381 Question #1...

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Rob Rhodes Z102980 SOCI 381 Question #1 The routine activities theory states that for a predatory crime to occur there must be the following things present: there must be a suitable target, there must not be a capable guardian present or other force to stop the crime from occurring, and there must be a motivated offender. There are three types of targets which include a person, a place, or an object. There are many targets around, but only some of them are suitable. A capable guardian includes police officers, neighborhood watch programs, closed circuit televisions, door staff, neighbors, friends, and security guards to name a few. When there is a suitable target present, and there is no capable guardian to protect the target, a crime is likely to occur, but a motivated offender must be present to commit the crime. Knowing what elements that are required to commit a crime such as robbery according to the routine activities theory can help reduce the amount of crime that occurs. If you take away one of the three aspects of the crime, the crime will likely not take place. For example, if you take away a suitable target, there is a good chance that a willing offender will not commit a crime if there are no suitable targets. This information can be used to reduce the amount of predatory crime by reducing the number of suitable targets. If you make yourself an unsuitable target, there is a better chance that you will not be robbed. Also, if you increase the amount of capable guardians there will be fewer chances for the likely offender to commit the crime. For example, in areas that there are neighborhood watches and well-lit streets, there is usually less crime. Also, areas that have more police patrols or more cameras monitoring the streets are likely to have less crime, because this deters would-be offenders. And, finally if we eliminate the motivated offenders, we would eliminate crime. The way to eliminate motivated offenders would
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Rob Rhodes Z102980 SOCI 381 be to either lock up the offenders in prison, or to create a social environment that is not conducive to creating criminals. This theory is different from other theories that were discussed in class because it does not consider what factors create criminals, and it does not talk about what type of environment criminals come from. It talks about what factors need to be present or not present in order for a crime, such as robbery, to occur.
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Rob Rhodes Z102980 SOCI 381 Question #2 Social controls are the relationships, commitments, values, norms and beliefs which encourage people not to break the law. Travis Hirschi’s four elements of a social bond are: attachment, and involvement. An example of attachment would be a person with a strong connection to their family or a person who is very invested in their school work. Commitment to
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This note was uploaded on 07/15/2008 for the course SOCI 381 taught by Professor Burchfield during the Spring '08 term at Northern Illinois University.

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SOCI 381 FINAL - Rob Rhodes Z102980 SOCI 381 Question #1...

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