Name: ____________________________ Date: _______ Period: ______ PA#______ P a g e 1 | 9 Endocrine Review Learning Goals – define the terms endocrine and exocrine, compare endocrine and neural controls of physiology, and describe the physiology of hormones including the different types and the mechanisms of their action. Read and answer the following questions appropriately. Endocrine vs. Nervous Systems The endocrine and nervous systems function to regulate body activities. Since both systems are involved in regulation, how does the endocrine system differ in regulation compared to the nervous system? The nervous system uses electrical impulses and 1.How are the nervous system and the endocrine system different? Intro to Endocrine System 1.What are hormones? 2.Most hormones circulate in blood and comeinto contact with essentially all cells. However,a specific hormone usually affects only alimited number of cells called_____________________________which contain receptors for that hormone.When hormones bind to receptors, it triggersa cascade of reactions within the cell that affects function. Target cells
Name: ____________________________ Date: _______ Period: ______ PA#______ 3.Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream while exocrineglands release secretions through ducts into cavities or body surfaces. Someendocrine glands have other functions beyond hormone production and secretion.These organs are called mixed glands. Forexample:In addition to hormoneproduction, the pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestines.Consider the other endocrine glands and list glands that would be consideredmixed based on the above criteria. P a g e 2 | 9
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