SOC final exam study guide - Chapter 10 Socialization Key terms socialization the process by which people acquire cultural competency and through which

SOC final exam study guide - Chapter 10 Socialization Key...

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Chapter 10 Socialization:Key terms:-socialization: the process by which people acquire cultural competencyand through which society perpetuates the fundamental nature of existing social structures-social self: values, beliefs, ideas, and decision making strategies and the general way people live their lives; is constantly evolving -generalized other: acquiring more POV of others-degradation ceremony: degrade individual and take away the individual’s self in prep. for giving him or her a new oneKey concepts:-without social interaction, humans can’t develop a social self-Cooley’s idea of social self (looking glass self):-we imagine how we look to the other person-we imagine that the other person’s reaction to our appearance-we have some self-feeling such as pride or shame-Mead’s “i” and “me”-“I”: the part of you that is uniquely you—your personal reactions to the situation-“me”: what you see when you put yourself into the shoes of another and look back at yourself-example: not yelling at students who are being noisy because it makes people think you’re crazy ( I want to yell but others will look at Me like I'm wrong) -play (simple imitative behaviors) is important in children’s development as it is their first exposure to taking on the roles of others-games: have rules and specific roles-participating in games enhances children’s ability to do role taking-media: exposure to media influences people’s perceptions of reality-total institutions (Goffman):place of residence and work where a large # of like-situated individuals, cut off from the wider societyfor an appreciable period of time, together lead an enclosed, formally administeredround of life; goal is to create resocialization -rites of passage: ceremonies or rituals that mark important transitionsfrom status to status within the life cycle. Agents of socialization: family, school, peers, workplace, media-families with certain social statuses expect the same of their children; high education=higher status job, lower education=obedience job-students learn other values besides education in school-advanced class - teachers place students in where they think their place in the social structure is …. may lead to college-peer groups latently act as a socializing agent; as children interact with others in their peer groups, they learn a great deal about how they are expected to behave -workplace: -1st step: choose a career-2nd step (anticipatory socialization): learning about the career before going into it-3rd: find employment (may become master status)
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Chapter 11: Deviance and Social ControlKey Terms:-relativity of deviance: norms vary across societywhat is considered to be deviant varies across societies norms change over timewhat is considered deviant at one time may be considered normative at another time-normative behavior:normal to society at the time-nonsociological approaches to deviance:-demonic possession as a theory of deviance:for centuries many theorized that
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