CH. 1 The Global Order in 1900

CH. 1 The Global Order in 1900 - The Global Order in 1900...

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The Global Order in 1900 The World of Empires
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European World Dominance Population 401 million 24% of world’s population of 1.63 billion Controlled trade and commerce in global economy Military and naval might unequaled Huge portion of world under direct or indirect European control Controlled about 85% of the world’s land surface European political and social and artistic thought influence millions
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Industrial Revolutions Changing Technology First industrial Revolution (age of iron) 1750- 1850 Began in Britain and spread to Europe Energy source: coal Second Industrial Revolution (age of steel)1850- 1945 Development of chemical, electric (electricity) and petroleum industries (internal combustion engine) Development of corporate structures (Standard Oil) Wright brothers 1903 (age of aviation)
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European Empires British Empire French Empire German Empire Spanish Belgium Dutch Russian Austria-Hungary Ottoman
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EARLY 20 TH CENTURY: PERIOD OF EMPIRES
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The British Empire 19 th century called Pax Britannica Britain was the leading power Victoria - Queen since 1837 Queen of England and Ireland Empress of India Empire encompassed ¼ of world’s land surface, 11 million square miles Ruled 372 million people including Asians, Africans, Pacific Islanders and Arabs
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Queen Victoria 1897 Diamond Jubilee Monarch of Britain for 60 years Related to most of the ruling families of Europe Gave her name to the age ending in her death 1901 Conservative period of morals and self- discipline Pinnacle of British power British Empire stretched around the globe Sun never set on the British Empire Foremost naval power
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Changing Balance of Power in Europe 1900 Germany surpassed Britain as number one economy 1914 U.S. was the largest economy Northern Europe industrialized and changed technologically, socially and politically Increased trade driven by imperial expansion Adopt scientific agriculture Became representative democracies except for Germany Southern and Eastern Europe remain rural and lagged behind in development Social and political undeveloped Italy Spain Austro-Hungarian ( Dual Monarchy )
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Changing Social Structure Second Industrial Revolution produced social structure based on class, as a result produced class consciousness Upper class Remnants of aristocracy Financiers, bankers and industrial capitalists 5% of population Controlled 40% of wealth Middle class Holders of white collar jobs created by second Industrial Revolution Increasing in size and complexity Wanted social stability, moral order, liberal government Working class Overwhelming majority of population Encompassed factory workers, and others
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Karl Marx Economist & political theorist Developed theory of change based in struggle of classes Observed that industrial revolution separated capitalists or owners of production from
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2008 for the course HIST 109 taught by Professor Lynch during the Summer '08 term at Mercyhurst.

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CH. 1 The Global Order in 1900 - The Global Order in 1900...

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