CH. 2 Burnt Path Across History

CH. 2 Burnt Path Across History - A Burnt Path Across...

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Chapter 2 A Burnt Path Across History: World War I and its Consequences
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The Great War First international conflict of the industrial age The European empires turned a European war into a world war First total war 60 million persons took part Brought modern technology into the battlefield 5,600 deaths every day in 4 year war Total deaths over 8,000,000 21,000,000 maimed Fatality: Dominance of European Culture
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Origins of W.W. I Cause is disputed Imperialism Competition among European nations for “place in the sun” Nationalism Excessive devotion to nation, its symbols and position among nations Pursuing dangerous policies rather than risk appearance of weakness Militarism Used threat or actual military force as a defensible means of attaining desired goals Formed mutual defensive alliances National competition characterized by arms race, saber rattling Breakdown of international diplomacy Error of judgment
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After Bismarck a New Diplomatic Realignment New Alignment Germany Austria-Hungary Italy
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Breakdown of Bismarckian System Bismarck followed policy of isolating France Defeat of France in 1870 left a wounded and aggrieved France Germany had taken Alsace-Lorraine which continued to fester Bismarck policy was to : Ally Germany with Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russia, and Italy in an attempt to isolate France 1890 Bismarck dismissed
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Conflict between Austro-Hungarian Empire and Russian Empire Both interested in territories of the Balkans Russians became sponsor of the Serbs Austro-Hungarians became sponsor of Bulgarians and Rumanians Declining power of Ottoman Empire and spreading nationalism invite great power intervention Germany was the arbitrator among its alliance partners
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France and Russia Sign Alliance System 1890 Bismarck dismissed 1893 German treaty with Russia not renewed 1893 France and Russia sign a mutual alliance agreement and Germany finds itself looking at a possible two front war FRANCE RUSSIA
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Rising Anglo-German Tensions Britain had followed policy of “splendid isolation” British became increasing suspect of Germany Germany backed Boers in Boer War Germany became to expand navy and challenge British control of seas which led to naval race Kaiser advocate Weltpolitik (world politics) Indicate Germany’s right to have “place in the sun” 1904 Britain sign Entente Cordiale with France which became the basis of mutual alliance treaty of the Entente Alarmed Kaiser and German government
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Colonial Rivalries Rivalries among Britain, France and Russia had been resolved particularly with Russo-Japanese War and pull-back of Russia from Afghanistan and Iran Competition between Britain & Russia reduced Germany and Italy looked to Africa for extension of power
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Colonial Rivalries North Africa Part of fraying Ottoman Empire First Moroccan Crisis
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CH. 2 Burnt Path Across History - A Burnt Path Across...

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