Ruether Ch. 2 note guide

Ruether Ch. 2 note guide - Religious Perspectives on...

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Religious Perspectives on Marriage and Family (RLST 255) Mr. Montevecchio Mercyhurst College Ruether Ch. 2 Notes Guide Major Questions: 1. What were some of Christianity’s major differing opinions about sexuality during the 2 nd through 4 th centuries? 2. How did St. Augustine resolve many of the differences regarding Christian views of sexuality? 3. What is asceticism and how did it impact views of sexuality? 4. How did sexual attitudes and ideologies develop through the institutions of clerical celibacy, marriage practices, and women’s roles up to the High Middle Ages? Chapter 2 *In the first half of the chapter, Ruether is delineating major arguments and ideologies regarding sexuality during the 2 nd through 4 th centuries. I. 2 nd Century Christianities A. Views of the bodily renunciation. B. Movements and Forms of Christianity 1. Encratites (“self-controllers”) 2. Marcion 3. New Prophecy 4. Valentinus 5. Urban Christian leadership 6. Origen II. 4 th Century Asceticism and Monasticism A. Gregory of Nyssa B. Ascetic monasticism began to flourish C. The monks became heroes to Christians of the era. D. Tensions remained between householders and world renouncers.
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Ruether Ch. 2 note guide - Religious Perspectives on...

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