Assignment 9-17 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Assignment and Study Guide for 9/17 Reconfigurations (ca. 1200-650 B.C.) I. Introduction Nagle notes (p. 49) that “Around 1200 B.C., the Aegean, Anatolia, and the Middle East were convulsed by one of the greatest ethnic upheavals of their long history. Old empires crumbled and were swept away, several so completely that their existence was not even suspected until resurrected by archaeologists and linguists in recent times.” On Monday (9/17) we will look briefly at what we know about the cause(s) of the upheavals. Our focus will be on what follows the destructions of ca. 1200 B.C. We will pay particular attention to four areas: Canaan and the Israelites the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian Empires the Phoenicians Greece II. Reading Assignment Nagle pp. 49-62, 68-78, 90-93 Haywood pp. 40-49 III. Think About I don’t have any specific questions for you to think about. Just pay particular attention to the four areas/peoples listed above. Think about what, if anything, has changed (e.g. does anything strike you as different about the neo-Assyrian and neo-Babylonian empires from the earlier kingdom of Assur and Babylon?) and what seems to be continuing on from the second millennium B.C. into the first. You will already have thought some about Greece during this period in your discussion section. IV. Outline (…) Sea Peoples Convulsed in greatest ethnic upheaval; Eastern Mediterranean suffers massively as Peleset, Tjeker, Shardana (Sardinia), Denyen, Meshwesh, Lukka, Teresh (Etruscan), Sheckelesh (Sicily), Ekwesh (Aegean) and Weshes intrude in massive traffic of cultures as mysterious “Sea Peoples” in Egyptian records; no cause for all, some motivated by Phrygians going into Anatolia and Dorian to Greek mainland; more Indo-Europeans take up civilized synergy as all separate amount to nothing; have mass produced iron too, which is first common metal seen in house and farm and difficult (clay) soils cultivate; moreover, this a cause of disruption in trade routs to obtain bronze’s component of tin and has innovators begin using iron as substitute, and develop steel which is twice as strong as iron is on par with copper; sea peoples stifle Egypt, Canaan, Syria, and Cyprus , along with doing away with Hittite and Mycenaean memory (Troy), in development; not
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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman entirely unknown since Ramses II recruited Aegean’s/Anatolians against Hittites; defeated by Ramses III in 1180s and portion settle in Canaan; Peleset (or Philistines) don’t assimilate like other sects (especially in Egypt) and give name to Palestine as they rigorously defend culture
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2008 for the course AHC 317l taught by Professor Raman during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Assignment 9-17 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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