Outline for 9-5 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Outline for 9/5 I. Old Akkadian Empire (2334-2193 B.C.) Generation (30 years) of instability with end of Lagash Dynasty. A. Introduction 1. Agade = Akkad (and the name of the language, Akkadian) Has favorable balance of power when it shifts north from Summer; founded by Sargon. B. Sargon the Great 1. mythic origins in the kingdom of Kish; has first large empire encompassing Elam/Persian coast to Syria Levant and to Zargos with all Mesopotamia; origins are closed in mystery: Sargon like Moses orphan, gardener son who rose through ranks of Kish court and favored by gods to take over Kish (gods in coup), and, albeit, very great commander. 2. more likely established himself as independent ruler at Agade (Akkad) a. Sargon = "the king is legitimate"—red flag; His name literally means this and is red flag as he must claim it 3. chronology a. reign begins 2334 B.C. b. reigned for 56 years; new strategy in legitimizing through… 4. Enheduanna a. daughter of Sargon b. priestess ( entum = bride of Nanna, the city-god (moon god) of Ur) being established as godly woman representative who could unite Ur and Agade religious beliefs; she’s concubine of high Ur divinity Nanna and new political function for priesthood; network of family c. stele of Enheduanna C. Naram-Sin 1. grandson of Sargon-made empire most expansive 2. first king of Mesopotamia to identify himself as a god as seen in hierarchy of size stele “Naram-Sin, the mighty king of Agade: when the four corners of the world opposed him with hostility, he remained victorious in nine battles because of the love of Ishtar and even took kings who had campaigned against him prisoner. Because he succeeded when heavily pressed in 1
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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman maintaining his city in strength, his city implored Ishtar of Eanna, Enlil of Nippur (holy city) (there follows a list of 6 other gods) to have him as the god of their city Agade and they built him a temple in the midst of Agade.” Cuneiform inscription on a copper state of Naram-Sin god acquiesce for requests to make him divine.
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