Outline for 9-12 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Outline for 9/12 I. Landscape and Climate A. The Sea Aristotle: “. ..the Hellenic (i.e. Greek) people occupy an intermediate geographical position. ..”—compared to old east and newly largely unsettled by Aristotle’s time west and bridge between too Plato: “We sit like frogs around a pond.” 1. Mediterranea-N Africa, Marsellies, Spain, Libya Albania, Crimea, and W Anatollia. 2. Aegean 3. coastline and islands 4. communication-underscore importance of Medditeranean circumventing Greek cities and uniting hole and navigation easy enough from close islands B. The Land 1. mountains, valleys, and plains; overland travel very difficult and in inland Greece settlements found upland and isolated; “tail of the Alps devide pockets of agriculture 2. fragmentation-by mountains 3. rivers and springs-no rivers flow year round and both rivers and springs are divine and agriculture dependent on rain but not irrigation C. Climate and Weather 1. winter-spring: agriculture- variable spring with cool winter (California) 2. summer-autumn: travel (festivals, commerce, and war) weather permits and winds right for sailing (Olympics), war, and commerce as such II. Bronze Age Aegean Minoan from mythological Mynos with labyrinth with monitor A. Minoan Civilization (ca. 2000-1470 B.C., that FIFTEENTH CENTURY BC) 1. mythic king Minos of Knossos a. minotaur and labyrinth perhaps stemming from Minoan practice of bull- leaping from paintings of such and it is very ritualized since bull is divine. Moreover, speculated that in these mythological paintings that light skin is for women and dark skin is for men. 1
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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman 2. ancient name = keretes ? 3. home base = the island of Crete 4. for extent of Minoan influence, see Haywood map p. 99; controls Cythera that is just a few kilos from Peloponnesus B. Mycenaean Civilization (ca. 1700-1100 B.C.) 1. Mycenae, home of the legendary king, Agamemnon 2. for extent of Mycenaean settlement, see Haywood map p. 101 III. Brief Histories A. Minoans 1. evidence- they are great traders and they leave much behind which implies that they would have had an organizing power like an empire. a. archaeological evidence- bulk of evidence through opposed to
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Outline for 9-12 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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