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Outline for 9-19 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Outline for 9/19 I. Introduction A. Characteristics of Greece in the 8 th c. B.C.: colonization, hoplite and colonization; 1200 lost palatial centers, high culture, long-distance communication (isolation), population decreases; not as differentaeted over long term (why Lefkandi is so striking) B. Emergence of the Polis -long period of stability and then mid-8 th century strikes and things change C. Definition of the Polis - A surrounding territory, independent internal organization and a city; city-state (pl. is poleis) II. Necessary Preconditions Growing population requires a sort of government more for complexity; a model from the Phoenicians III. Defining Characteristics of the Polis A. Physical Plant 1. acropolis (‘high city’) - defensible 2. urban center 3. agora (civic center)- meeting halls, stressing verbal nature of civic nature (mnemonic devices) 4. chora (agricultural hinterland) a. Athens Attica b. Sparta Laconia B. Human Component 1. population: 1,000-10,000 (cf. Athens ca. 100,000-500,000 if mid-fifth century), face- face society and most lack anonymous facets, shame is big in communal life 2. citizens and potential citizens- first wrung of population ladder and is heredity as their children become citizens by birth Aristotle: polis is a community of citizens 3. non-citizens a. free: resident aliens; most free of non-citizens, Athens have large one while
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