Assignment for 9-5 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Assignment and Study Guide for 9/5 I. Introduction The history of Mesopotamia and western Asia (modern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel) from the reign of Sargon the Great of Akad (who became king of Kish ca. 2334 B.C.) and the end of the Bronze Age (ca. 1200 B.C.) is very complex. We will have time to hit a few high points only. During these 1000+ years there was a tendency for short- lived empires (usually lasting for no more than 3 or 4 generations) to arise and to fall. The aftermath of the defeat of the final king of an imperial dynasty was very often a time of instability until a new warrior king arose to establish a new empire. As is clear from the maps in Haywood, the territory of a new empire may have overlapped with the preceding empire but never really was co-extensive with it. That is, the imperial ‘impulse’ shifted throughout the area, sliding up and down Mesopotamia, moving north and east into Syria and Anatolia (central Turkey), or east across the Tigris river into modern Iran and then perhaps back again into Mesopotamia. II. Reading Assignment Nagle review pp. 8-11 and read pp. 31-38 Haywood pp. 28-39 Nagle & Burstein pp. 42-43 (2.8.1 excerpts from Hammurabi’s law code); pp. 48-53 (3.1- 3.4 excerpts from Hammurabi’s law code) III. Study Guide 1. You should know the relative order (which came 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd and so on) of the following empires (we don’t expect you to memorize the precise years of each): Empire of Sargon the Great – First empire and began for much of the same reasons as Sumerians and eventually eclipsed them to an extent that they replaced their language with their Semitic one by 1650b; great stretch of territory that brings many more into civilization through attraction to wealth (2334). Ur III Dynasty- By 2100b succeeds Sargon’s after 80 years and has most of Mesopotamia and Elam; collapsed in 2004b as Elamites capture Ur; end of Sumerian hegemony and Semitic Amorites benefit most as if they infiltrated in long following disorder; saw first appearance of Ziggurats as Ur-Nammu reigned and they continue grandly till Persian end. Old Babylonian Empire- Along with Assyria has Predynastic lineage while latter was a trade town, Babylon lived in Agade’s shadow; Amorite rulers by 1813 and Assyria rises and falls leads too Hammurabi, as 6 th Amorite leader, to capitalize; ; Amorite kingship ended by Hittite sack back to obscurity in 1595; remarkable is lack of staying power as personality cults make such accomplishments when lesser rulers willing to share spoils
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2008 for the course AHC 317l taught by Professor Raman during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Assignment for 9-5 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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