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Assignment for 9-12

Assignment for 9-12 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Assignment and Study Guide for 9/12 I. Reading Assignment Nagle review pp. 79-93 (middle) Haywood p. 90-bottom p. 92 (“outside the scope of this book”); pp. 98-99 II. Study Guide A. Nagle 1. Nagle contrasts the geography and climate of Greece with the geography and climate of Mesopotamia, observing that the nature of human settlement in these broadly defined regions was determined by these factors. Thus, for example, the Greeks never developed a unified state with a national identity because the fragmented land that they inhabited discouraged these developments. To what extent did the inhabitants of Mesopotamia develop a national identity? Its intermediate position, no more than 35 m from sea and before 19 th smog inhibited view of land, saw nearly 1,500 city-states emerge and this went against establishing Hellas , Greece, and common citizenry; more so than most other civilizations since they shared common language and beliefs and all expected the rebalancing of power with parties buying into and advocating it (like Nippur maintained), but local autonomy and systems left to be and loyalty was day-day, as unpredictable and most can’t comprehend this high level anyways. 2. Nagle refers to Greece as a ‘borderland’ region. What does he mean by this? What are the consequences of being a ‘borderland region’? In a sense its typical Mediterranean place with primarily trading to the east and influence comes from there; physically part of the Balkans; Diaspora spreads out across basin COUNTRY WITH LAKE IN THE MIDDLE; its great variance and, perhaps, greatness comes from this wide range of influence; too far and poor to conquer, while interchange dictated by Greeks for Greeks picking and choosing. 3. What is a chiefdom? What are its defining characteristics? Start of Mycenaean/Minoan age (c.1500b) coincides with Celtic hegemony and the deposition of being a material culture amassing wealth but in a free, not complex eastern, form. Chiefdom exemplifies this loose political/social order and stems from wide European warrior traditions of ruler staying in power through ability to redistribute prestigious goods to prove insurance when endless war came again; banquets chief (…) in showing this glory; 4. As you read the assignment pay attention for references to banqueting and gift-giving. What are the purposes of the banquet and of gift exchange? 1
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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Glory, insurance, and religion (as shown by large burial mounds) to keep everyone content, together, resolved, and following. 5. Does the society portrayed in Homeric poetry reflect a historical society, or is it largely
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