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Assignment for 9-19

Assignment for 9-19 - Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007...

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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Assignment and Study Guide for 9/19 I. Introduction The trends of the first two centuries of the Dark Ages (1100-900 B.C.)—isolation, fragmentation, depopulation, relative impoverishment—begin to reverse during the 9 th century B.C. By around 800 B.C. historians and archaeologists observe the early signs of a new kind of community (the polis ) throughout the Greek world. We call the period ca. 750-490 B.C. the Archaic Age. The first 150 years or so of the Archaic Age (ca. 750-600 B.C.) may be understood as a formative period when many of the defining characteristics of polis culture take shape. This formative period will be our focus on Wednesday. II. Reading Assignment Nagle review pp. 93-top of 99; middle of 102-110 Haywood pp. 102-105 III. Study Guide 1. To what does Nagle attribute the 9 th -century revival in the Greek world? (p. 93) In 9 th century revival Assyria first and many follow; Aegean closes to (rich/centralized/old) Near East; rich want higher status and demand Phoenician service; easy sea communication and wealth by settling surrounding circumstance (Thracian slaves) also crucial; not content and want supply; Al Mina has role for 200 years of mutual diffusion; Lefkandi is most prosperous Greek settlement from contacts with it, Euobeans seemingly pioneers in this fist venture and burials stop at Toumba by 825 when Al Mina gathers steam; Etruscan iron brings Bay of Naples into play; 650 sees establishment with pharaoh’s consent of Naukratis 10m from his capital; 800-750 4x more Athenians sees wave of oversea migrations from famine; land-hungry people spread all over via communal direction and by 500 there are hundreds of spots; led by administrate aristocrat chosen by city; these foundations, not all colonies. 2. Why did the Greeks send out colonies beginning around 800/750 B.C.? Does Nagle’s description of ancient Greek colonization sound suspiciously like modern discussions of European colonialism during the second half of the second millennium A.D. (references to ‘cultural imperialism’, ‘going native’)? Cf. Haywood’s description (pp. 104-105). Do Nagle and Haywood essentially agree about the causes and nature of Greek colonization? If not, where do they disagree? Haywood stipulates that they were pressured from within and acted with focus by mother cities and, even in colonial autonomy, their completion interwoven into large complex between cities (Ionian/Dorian colonies); N says better life sought 3. In what sense was the Mediterranean unified as never before around 600 B.C. (p. 94)? 1
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Ancient Mediterranean World Fall 2007 Prof. P. Perlman Simultaneously in southern base Phoenician expansion sees mirror trade routes circling bigger area than Mycenaean times; colonies sustained by Phalanx comprised of individual hoplite (infantryman); solidarity favored in steadfast proportion of weight and speed, not swift; possible by lots of people and new money to finance (iron); perpetuated
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