Exam 2 Study Guide ANSWERS Agnew 6-12

Exam 2 Study Guide ANSWERS Agnew 6-12 - Exam 2 Agnew...

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Exam 2 Agnew Chapters 6-12 Study Guide – ANSWERS For all questions, be able to give examples from both Thirteen and MBL. These are ROUGH answers to let you know if you are headed in the right direction! Strain Theory 1. What are the types of strain that a juvenile may experience? Be able to give examples of each. 2. What are the ways in which juveniles may respond to strain? Be able to give examples of each. 1. cognitively reinterpret strain so as to minimize its impact e.g., “it’s not that important” or “it’s not that bad” e.g., “I deserve it” 2. behavioral strategies involve actions that attempt to reduce strain nondelinquent strategies (1) e.g., avoid peers (2) e.g., negotiate with teachers delinquent strategies (1) e.g., attack peers (2) e.g., threaten teachers 3. emotional coping strategies attempt to reduce negative emotions resulting from strain nondelinquent strategies (1) e.g., exercise (2) e.g., relaxation techniques delinquent strategies include using illegal drugs 3. What factors increase the likelihood that a juvenile will respond to strain with delinquency? 1. Experiencing strain in an area of life considered important
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2. poor coping skills and resources 3. few conventional social supports 4. costs of delinquent coping are low and the benefits are high 5. disposed to delinquency Social Learning Theory 1. How do juveniles learn to engage in delinquency from others? 1. others differentially reinforce delinquent behavior 2. others teach beliefs favorable to delinquency 3. others provide delinquent models to imitate 2. What are the types of reinforcement and punishment? Be able to give examples of each. 3. According to social learning theory, which types of beliefs are conducive to delinquency? Generally approve of minor delinquency Conditionally approve of some delinquency General values conducive to delinquency
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4. According to social learning theory, under which conditions are juveniles likely to imitate models? 1. like or respect model
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Exam 2 Study Guide ANSWERS Agnew 6-12 - Exam 2 Agnew...

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