IDs 04/28/2015 Warsaw Ghetto Warsaw: capitol of Poland, Jewish population 30% of city After invasion of Poland on Sept. 1, 1939 German troops entered Poland on September 29 On October 12, 1940, Germans decreed the establishment of a ghetto in Warsaw ° Judenrat Jewish council that was ordered by German officials after the invasion of Poland Under the leadership of Jewish engineer Adam Czerniaków As chairman of the Jewish council, Czerniaków had to administer the soon-to-be established ghetto and to implement German orders ° Warthegau ° General Government An administrative unit established by the Germans on October 26, 1939, consisting of those parts of Poland that had not been incorporated into the Third Reich included the districts of Warsaw, Krakow, Radom, Lublin, and Lvov. Hans Frank was appointed Governor-General Germans destroyed the Polish cultural and scientific institutions and viewed the Polish population as a potential work force. ° 22 June 1941 Under the codename Operation "Barbarossa," Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 largest German military operation of World War II
° Einsatzgruppen Einsatzgruppen (in this context, mobile killing units) were squads composed primarily of German SS and police personnel Under the command of German Security Police (Sipo) and SD officers Among their tasks the murder of those perceived to be racial or political enemies found behind German combat lines in the occupied Soviet Union o Included Jews, Gypsies, and officials of Soviet state and Soviet Communist party Many scholars believe that the systematic killing of Jews in the occupied Soviet Union by Einsatzgruppen battalions was the first step of the “Final Soluton” ° Commissar Order Issued by German Armed Forced High Command on June 6,1941 German soldiers ordered to shoot any political commissars who were taken prisoners In may 1942, commissar order was revoked because German field commanders came up against stronger resistance when the order became known to Soviet soldiers ° Babi Yar Ravine on the outskirts of Kiev where Einsatzgruppen mobile squads killed at least 34,000 Jews over a one week period in September 1941 ° Wannsee Conference January 20, 1942 15 high ranking Nazi Party and German Govt. officials gathered in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee discussed the coordinated the implementation of the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” Heydrich gave a speech to inform them of the impeding plans for a “Final Solution” In the first part he reiterated his authority to organize the solution and reviewed the policy of emigration 2 nd part: he then explained that evacuation to the east would now take the place of emigration and the Jews would be used for labor in the east and would be separated by sex and those capable of work
the genocidal and murderous implications were clear, the large part of Jews who would be diminished through labor and the treatment
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- Spring '07
- The Holocaust