HOLOCAUST FINAL REVIEW - IDs 04/28/2015 Warsaw Ghetto...

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IDs04/28/2015Warsaw GhettoWarsaw: capitol of Poland, Jewish population 30% of cityAfter invasion of Poland on Sept. 1, 1939 German troops enteredPoland on September 29On October 12, 1940, Germans decreed the establishment of aghetto in Warsaw°JudenratJewish council that was ordered by German officials after theinvasion of PolandUnder the leadership of Jewish engineer Adam CzerniakówAs chairman of the Jewish council, Czerniaków had to administer thesoon-to-be established ghetto and to implement German orders°Warthegau°General GovernmentAn administrative unit established by the Germans on October 26,1939, consisting of those parts of Poland that had not beenincorporated into the Third Reichincluded the districts of Warsaw, Krakow, Radom, Lublin, and Lvov.Hans Frank was appointed Governor-GeneralGermans destroyed the Polish cultural and scientific institutions andviewed the Polish population as a potential work force.°22 June 1941Under the codename Operation "Barbarossa," Nazi Germanyinvaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941largest German military operation ofWorld War II
°EinsatzgruppenEinsatzgruppen (in this context, mobile killing units) were squadscomposed primarily of GermanSSand police personnelUnder the command of German Security Police (Sipo) and SDofficersAmong their tasks the murder of those perceived to be racial orpolitical enemies found behind German combat lines in the occupiedSoviet UnionoIncluded Jews, Gypsies, and officials of Soviet state and SovietCommunist partyMany scholars believe that the systematic killing of Jews in theoccupied Soviet Union by Einsatzgruppen battalions was the firststep of the “Final Soluton”°Commissar OrderIssued by German Armed Forced High Command on June 6,1941German soldiers ordered to shoot any political commissars whowere taken prisonersIn may 1942, commissar order was revoked because German fieldcommanders came up against stronger resistance when the orderbecame known to Soviet soldiers°Babi YarRavine on the outskirts of Kiev where Einsatzgruppen mobile squadskilled at least 34,000 Jews over a one week period in September1941°Wannsee ConferenceJanuary 20, 194215 high ranking Nazi Party and German Govt. officials gathered inthe Berlin suburb of Wannseediscussed the coordinated the implementation of the “Final Solutionof the Jewish Question”Heydrich gave a speech to inform them of the impeding plans for a“Final Solution”In the first part he reiterated his authority to organize the solutionand reviewed the policy of emigration2ndpart: he then explained that evacuation to the east would nowtake the place of emigration and the Jews would be used for labor inthe east and would be separated by sex and those capable of work
the genocidal and murderous implications were clear, the large partof Jews who would be diminished through labor and the treatment

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Term
Spring
Professor
Gillerman

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