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/Over the Phone QuizChapter 1 Questions1Why do organizations and individuals enter into an employment relationship? For an exchange of value. Workers enter into this relationship,in part, because they must exchange their labour, time and skills with an organization to acquire money and if available other benefits like healthcare, dental and retirement plans (401K) which to purchase the necessities of life. Whereas organizations employ workers to produce the company’s good or services to keep the company running and to continue to bring in revenue for the company. So in short, because employers and employees have a similar interest in goals (employers want to maximize profit and employees want to maximize income) they enter into an employment relationship 2 What does the word resourcein the term human resource managementsuggest about the nature of the employment relationship?We as humans are seen as the most important resources in theemployment relationship. We humans are used to produce or provide the services the company offers. Because we are hiredeither for our skills, knowledge, attitudes, or the aptitudes we bring to the job, we are the resources our employer use to maximize the companies efficiency. However unlike a companycommodity resources that can be used up ( oil, wood, grain, metal etc), human “resources” have goals and interests of their own and its up to employers to find ways to utilize and manage their “human resources” to maximize company efficiency 3What explains the persistent wage gap between men and women?
°The “male” model of job design. Social reproduction (bearing, raising and educating children, maintains households, and cares for the elderly and infirm) historically been a “female” responsibilities. These responsibilities create restrictions on the normal 40 hour work week and because women primarily are subjected to these roles, they are unable to consistently make it to work and function effectively at work. These restrictions then force women into part time positions or positions with flexible schedules.