Chapter 2 – Development Research Traditions and Global CommunicationIntroduction-for decades the old paradigm of modernization had an economic focus or lens, the new focus is on policy matters with a social and cultural lens-a focus of the new paradigm is how media and telecom systems are promoting democracy as well as a broader quality of life and environmental issues-there have been objections to globalizations – some people don’t see all or some of the benefits-family planning and the role of women is particularly sensitive-during the 1980’s several factors came together to further the movement questioning western aid, globalization, free market values, liberalization, and the impact of foreign media-some peripheral nations are worse off now then they used to be-in theory, developmental communication should work in concert with other growth factors to lead poorer nations to modernization, or at least move them from the peripheral zone to the semiperipheral zone-in practice, the peripheral nations did invest in media infrastructures realizedtoo late that these systems were bringing in more foreign, not local content -broadcasting did not help the poor nations -in the last decade some peripheral nations have moved in the opposite direction in housing, environment, currency, literacy, and health care (particularly HIV/AIDS)-ex. Colour television broadcasting is too expensive – few even have black and white TVs -new digital TV will likely set them back more because its expensiveDevelopment Journalism/Communication-developmental journalism and communication are attempts to counterbalance the thrust from those of a mature press-developmental journalism – the concept that attempts to deal with the needs,strengths, and aspirations of journalistic endeavours in the emerging developing nation-states oa media theory that encourages an engineered press (press committedto government-set priorities and objectives) oassumes everyone, including media needs to work together to supportnational goals-developmental journalism serves to promote the needs of developing countries, encourages indigenous media and discourages reproduction of western media models -there is little relevance to western media because they are underdeveloped, don’t have access to things like internet easily-their news is seldom in mainstream media, if it is not from their point of view-major western news agencies provide about 90% of the entire worlds wire service information – all based in core nations
-major western newspapers, magazines, and journals are published in US and Europe-international radio programming and other western short-wave services transmit programming specifically designed for international audiences-global TV news, newsreels, photos, supplied by firms like CNN, BBC etc., have established worldwide markets for their products using material produced ordesigned for initial use in the US, Europe or other western systems-
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- Winter '16
- Helen Hambly
- Sociology, peripheral nations