Chapter 1 - Chapter One Global Communication Introduction Global communication was dominated by the tension of the Cold War Soviet Union against USA and

Chapter 1 - Chapter One Global Communication Introduction...

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Chapter One – Global CommunicationIntroduction:Global communication was dominated by the tension of the Cold War: Soviet Union against USA and its alliesMuch of the rhetoric, news space, face time, and concern dealt with some aspect of government control of mass communication, or the impact of governments and other entities on free speech, or the free flow of information or data across international bordersBoth sides of the Atlantic – East/West = communism vs. democracy The end of communism lead to the end of free press and free flow of information, which in turn led to downgrading of the importance of foreign news coverageToday, the USA is the worlds only superpowerEuropean Union and parts of Asia compete with the USA global marketTaliban, al-Qaeda, Islamic Jihad, suicide bombers, extremists and other terrorists confront western nations with new weapons such as smartphones, social networking sites, video cameras, etc.Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) replaced nuclear bombs from the Cold War eraTerrorism has replaces communism as evil forceInternational News: As the global economy expands, events in foreign lands impact us daily-Revolution in the Middle East affects the price of gas around globe-USA global news overage is declining in particularThe decline in news coverage is also associated with decline in support from foreign aid and the promotion of transparent and open democracies – Nordic countries give highest amount of foreign aid, and the USA is ranked 18thin terms of per capita givingThree main reasons for the decline-The end of the Cold War and implosion of Soviet Union-Decline of newspaper circulation and revenues-Global economic crisis of the last decade30% decline in news coverage from 30-40 years agoForeign news was seen as expensive in an era of cutbacksFrom a decrease in foreign news bureaus to the prevalence of recycled stories the news map of our current landscape is both dangerously one-sided and scandalously negligent in its management of the global villagePart of the problem is the uncertainty created by the online phenomena and opportunity for others to provide formal and informal information1990 – Time Magazine and New York Times replaced foreign news coverage with parochial domestic agendaTerrorism and its followers; 911, Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo Bay prison scandals, war crimes – public safety led to a new global agenda and media focus
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International Communication – the cultural, economic, political, social and technicalanalysis of communication and media patterns and effects across and between nation-states-Focuses more on global aspects of media-Communication systems and technology-Less local or national aspect issuesAltered by two events-The end of the Cold War – political realignments across Europe-Increasing interdependence – expanding global economyThree important traits for cultural dimension
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