Case Paper 2 - Running head: China: The Opium Wars and...

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Running head: China: The Opium Wars and Taiping Rebellion1China: The Opium Wars and Taiping RebellionDerek A. WatsonTrident University
CHINA: THE OPIUM WARS AND TAIPING REBELLION2AbstractThe 19thcentury was a violent time in the vast nation of China.With many conflicts, thetwo that stand out the most are China’s involvement in the Opium Wars, and the happenings ofthe Taiping Rebellion.The Opium Wars were two armed conflicts between Western countriesand the Qing Dynasty.The first conflict being between China and Britain between 1839-1842,and the second being China against both Britain and France from 1856-1860.Both times Chinalost, losing territories to the Western countries.These wars would be the beginning of the endfor the Qing Dynasty.The Taiping Rebellion is another major event in Chinese History duringthe 19thcentury.The Editors of the Encyclopedia of Britannica state (2015) “The TaipingRebellionwasaradical political and religious upheaval that was probably the most importantevent inChinain the 19th century”.This rebellion spanned over 14 years and is attributed to thedownfall of the Qing Dynasty.Both the Taiping Rebellion and Opium Wars were influenced byforeigners, seeking claim to China or Chinese territories.The Chinese were never ones to takekindly to outside influence.At the end of each conflict, China lost and their government sawmany changes.The violence of the 19thcentury would shape China into its earlier form of thecountry it is today.Keywords:Opium Wars, Taiping Rebellion
CHINA: THE OPIUM WARS AND TAIPING REBELLION3China: The Opium Wars and Taiping RebellionThe Opium WarsThe Opium Wars were a series of two separate conflicts taking place in 19thcenturyChina.The first Opium War took place between 1839-1842 with Britain taking on China overthe disruption in Britain’s Opium trade in China.The second Opium War was fought betweenBritain and France fighting China.This was also known as the “Arrow War” or Anglo FrenchWar and was fought over trading rights in China.This war generated what was known asunequal treaties in China.An unequal treaty is, in the words of Szczepanski (2015), “whenstronger powers impose humiliating, one sided treaties on weaker nations in East Asia.”Thenations in Eastern Asia were forced to allow citizens of the victorious western nations specialrights.

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
History, Opium Wars, Qing Dynasty, First Opium War

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