sociology study guide midterm - INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY MIDTERM Study Guide Chapters 1-8 excluding 6 Test date October 21st 2016 I couldnt find numbers 54

sociology study guide midterm - INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY MIDTERM...

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INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY MIDTERMStudy Guide: Chapters 1-8, excluding 6Test date: October 21st, 2016I couldn’t find numbers 54 and 56?! Idk!!! :/ 1)Random samples. a)Chapter 2, Page 35b)“a group of subjects arbitrarily chosen from a defined population.”2)Conflict theory.a)is a theoretical framework (paradigm) that views society as being in a constant struggle over scarce resources.i)Macro orientation because it studies how the struggle for resources holds society togetherb)Views society in a constant struggle for scarce resourcesc)Two of the main concerns: economic wealth and powerd)We live in an unequal society because there is not enough “stuff” to go around (or if thereis, then maybe those with the “stuff” don’t want to let go of it)e)Focus on macro issues, viewing how society’s structures contribute to conflictf)“essence of conflict theory suggests that a pyramid structure of power and wealth exists in society”g)Elite at the top of the period determine the rules for those below themh)Laws, institutions, and traditions support this authorityi)Also may examine social classesj)Study of inequality always involves considering conflict theoryk)Also used in modern feminist theory3)Meana)Chapter 2, page 39b)“an average”4)Mediana)Chapter 2, page 39b)“the midpoint of a distribution of numbers”5)Modea)Chapter 2, page 39b)“the most common value in a distribution of numbers”6)Organic and Mechanical solidaritya)Organici)“occurs when people live in a society with a diverse division of labor”ii)Complex societies have this; large division of laboriii) People in organic societies think they’re more independentiv)Actually more interdependent
v)“illusion of independence” = delusion that hurts understanding of society and interactionvi)… “hurts our ability to function optimally”?7)Manifest / latent functionsb)Mechanici)“in small societiesii)No inequality really, also no specialization8)Sapir-Whorf hypothesisa)Chapter 3, page 50b)“a hypothesis, first advanced by Edward Sapir in 1929 and subsequently developed by Benjamin Whorf, that the structure of a language determines a native speaker’s perception and categorization of experience”i)The language we use creates the reality of our lives9)Durkheim suicidea)Chapter 1, page 7-8b)Theory that suicide is linked to social phenomenac)Durkheim proposed that two social forces, solidarity and social control, influence the chance of a person taking his or her own life”i)Solidarity – “the level of connectedness and integration a person feels to others in the environment”ii)Social control – “social mechanisms that regulate a person’s actions”d)4 TYPES OF SUICIDEi)Egoistic suicides – “result from a lack of solidarity, occurring among those who have

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