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1.How has society benefited from the invention of the airplane?The airplane is an invention that has influenced many aspects of history. World War II was a defining moment in aviation whereas the strength and benefit of the airplane was realized. First, the airplane was monumental during the Second World War by proving that aircraft were docile machines capable of engaging and dominating in aerial strikes, completing strategic bombing missions and transporting troops and supplies into and out of war zones.The ultimate show of strength was when two atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki by B-29 aircraft in 1945. Through the years, military aviation continued to improve. Aircraft moved beyond the pistonpowered propeller aircraft of the way and the jet fighter and bombers were introduced.Another aviation technology which was refined over time was the helicopter. The ability fora helicopter to take off and land vertically without the need for a runway came in very handy while operating in the jungles of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia during the Vietnam War. Following World War II, the commercial side of aviation started to expand. Airlines such as Pan Am and TWA looked to expand their route structures and provide access to places such as London and Paris. One of the most important organizations was created following World War II, which was the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in 1944. This was comprised of delegates 52 countries and helped to create a level playing field for international operations increasing aviation safety (Bilstein, 2001). This organization is still around today providing oversight to all carriers who operate internationally. It is hard to think where we would be today without the invention of the airplane. The hard work of innovators such as Chanute, the Wrights, and even Curtiss has allowed a machine to connect people, cultures, and goods to destinations which otherwise would be almost impossible to access. World trade and commerce relies on the shipments of goods to keep the global economy going, and tourism allows us to bridge the gaps between cultures and people. Reference:Bilstein, R. (2001). Flight in America: From the Wrights to the astronauts(3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Bilstein, R. (2001). Flight in America: From the Wrights to the astronauts(3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
2.Give an example of how aviation has been affected by politics. Describe the interaction.