PHL201 Final Exam Study Guide

PHL201 Final Exam Study Guide - PHL201 Final Exam Study...

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PHL201 Final Exam Study Guide Utilitarianism : a moral theory that measures the rightness and wrongness of actions with respect to the consequences they bring about Right action brings better of two consequences; wrong actions brings lesser/worse of two consequences. Act Utilitarianism : claim that in determining what we should do, we should consider what specific act would produce the best overall consequences Ex: I can lie and be morally right in doing so if it produces the best overall. Rule Utilitarianism : claim that in determining what we should do, we should consider what specific rules would produce the best overall consequences Ex: speed laws Qualitative Utilitarianism : It is not just about the number of something pleasurable, it is also about the quality of those pleasures. Better pleasures are always better than lesser pleasures, even if there are more lesser pleasures. Quantitative Utilitarianism : the more you have of something pleasurable, the better it is. More pleasure is always better than less pleasure (Benthem)
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