Final - Chapter 25 Battle of the Marne Sept 6 1914 Germans embarked on a retreat that ended north of the Aisne River beginning a phase of the war that

Final - Chapter 25 Battle of the Marne Sept 6 1914 Germans...

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Chapter 25 Battle of the Marne: Sept. 6, 1914 Germans embarked on a retreat that ended north of the Aisne River, beginning a phase of the war that would be marked by trench warfare . The First Battle of the Marne was fought to the north and east of Paris. A series of encounter battles betweens Germans, French, and Belgian armies. The French were under the command of General Michel-Joseph Manoury during the attacks Trench Warfare: Early 20 th Century a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other. Nightmarish conditions, barbed wire (U.S. innovation made this possible), “no mans land” Battle of Verdun: 21 February – 18 December 1916 Fought during the First World War o n the Western Front between the German and French armies, on hills north of Verdun -sur-Meuse in north-eastern France. “Total War”: 20 th century One built on the dull mobilization of entire societies – Soldiers and civilians – and the industrial capacities of the nations involved. It was the war’s unprecedented horror that made WWI “great.” Young men were removed from proudcution jobs to serve in military roles, replaced on production lines by woman. Rationaing occurred on home fronts Nations went to quarters of their populations Propoganda posters went up to divert all attention to war on home front Kaiser William II: 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918 Was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia One of the most recognizable public figures of WWI Didn’t actively seek war and tried to hold back his generals fom mobilizing the German army in Summer of 1914 Spent life in exile in Netherlands where he died at 82
Wilfred Owen: 1893-1918

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