Music History Notes - 8\/29 What is music Sound organized in time Beethoven symphony#6 1808 pastoral-idealized country life recollections of nature

Music History Notes - 8/29 What is music Sound organized...

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8/2908/31/2016°What is music?°Sound organized in time °°Beethoven symphony #6, 1808 “pastoral” --idealized country life, recollections of nature, inspired by energetic walks through the countryside °Movement 1-awakening of cheerful feeling upon arriving in the country°2-scene by the brooke °3-merry gathering of country folk °4-thunderstorm°5-shepherds song, happy and thankful feelings after the storm °-tries to capture feeling°High register-happier and lighter °Low in the beginning-rustic °°Chopin Nocturne in C minor °-Nocturne-night piece°-slow moving, flowing°-clam revery mood°-chopin known for Nocturnes°-”Poet of Piano”°-Salon music°-popular in europe 19th century°-”salon”-big room found in lareg houses of aristocrats and nouveau riche °-where people went to chill after dinner°-high prestige, addressed small audience °-somber, funeral procession °-mournful--steady, heavy, °-intense loud big chords then progresses to something softer °°John Cage-american avant garde°-adventurous, experimental °-4’33 (1952)°-silence for 4 mins and 32 seconds°-score--tasat-silence °-listening to sounds for what they are-experience each sound as it comes along without expectation °-chance music- musical equivalent of jackson pollack, leave things to chance °°
8/31/1608/31/2016°Sound is vibrations through air hitting our ear drums that are then transmitted to our brain. °Three components to sound—pitch, dynamics, colorPitch-relative highness or lowness of a sound a sound, frequency of vibrations-faster vibrations higher, lower vibrations are slowerDifferent pitch and register evokes different feelingsTone-sound with a definite pitch, each tone has specific frequency ex. Note on a piano, a squeaky bicycle would not be a toneoInterval-distance between any two tones oOctave-8 notes apart Dynamics-volume, degree of loudnessoPp-super softoP-piano, softoMp-mezzopiano, medium softoMf-mezzoforte, medium loudof-forte, strong, loudoff-really loudGradual change in dynamicsoCrescendo-starts quiet gets louderoDecrescendo-starts louder gets quieter oDiminuendo Color-(timbre) Distinguishes voice from instrument, trumpet from clarinet, the sound particular to an instrument, would describe a cello as warm, deep, mellow°Melody-most recognizable element, series of tones that add up to a recognizable unit, has a contour, shape, outline Phrase-grouping of consecutive notes in a melody Cadence-the end, gives a sense of finality, rest, resolution Sequence-restatement of a pattern, simple method of elaborating melody °°Stravinsky-The Firebird°Chopin –Prelude Op. 28 #15-raindrop prelude°Bach-Cello Suite #1°°DON’T SAY SONG, songs have vocals, say pieces, works, or compositions
08/31/2016°Harmony-Adds musical depth, sense of continuity and unity°°Chord-three or more tones sounded at once°Chord progression-how chords follow each otherKey of C- C, D, E, F, G, A, B

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