Chapter 1 History, Theory, and Research Strategies

Chapter 1 History, Theory, and Research Strategies - Andrew...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Andrew Lynn 1/17/08 Notes: Chapter One I. Development- systematic changes and continuities in physical and mental domains in individual development A. Effected by maturation and learning 1. Maturation- change referring to biological underpinning, or genes i. Ex: walking talking 2. Learning- environmental influences while refining the genetics which were inherited. i. Ex: experiences which result in relatively permanent changes, sports B. Developmental Science- conception to death C. Change 1. Infancy most dramatic 2. Domains i. Physical development (a) Body size (b) Physical (c) Motor abilities ii. Cognitive development (a) Intellectual (b) Attention (c) Academic (d) Language iii. Social and Emotional development (a) Emotional communication/expression (b) Self-understanding (c) Interpersonal skills (d) Friendships/intimate relationships iv. Triad, each influence each other (a) Physical development leads to ability to find an object to think about and eventually share with others to for relationships 3. Periods of Child Development i. Prenatal- conception to birth (9 months) ii. Infancy and Toddlerhood- births to 2 years iii. Early childhood- 2 years to 6 years iv. Middle childhood- 6 years to 11 years v. Adolescents- 11 years to 18 years vi. Emerging adulthood- 18 years to 25 years *newly defined stage (a) College age (b) Financially and/or shelter dependent on parents (c) Can delay development II. Theory- orderly integrated set of statements that describes, explains or predicts behavior 1 of 6
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Andrew Lynn 1/17/08 A. Longevity depends on testability B. Issues which Theories describe or explain 1. Continuous or Discontinuous i. Continuous- gradual process, more of the same, additive effect over time, amount and/or complexity change over time ii. Discontinuous- occurs in stages, change is rigid, qualitatively different from previous stage. 2. One of many course(s) of development 3. Nature v. Nurture III. Historical Foundations/Perspectives A. Medieval- childhood is distinct period 1. Child rearing manuals 2. Laws to protect children B. Reformation 16 th century- Puritan and original sin, nes. Evil 1. Discipline strategies to not sin 2.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern