Chapter 1 History, Theory, and Research Strategies

Chapter 1 History, - Andrew Lynn Notes Chapter One I Development systematic changes and continuities in physical and mental domains in individual

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Andrew Lynn 1/17/08 Notes: Chapter One I. Development- systematic changes and continuities in physical and mental domains in individual development A. Effected by maturation and learning 1. Maturation- change referring to biological underpinning, or genes i. Ex: walking talking 2. Learning- environmental influences while refining the genetics which were inherited. i. Ex: experiences which result in relatively permanent changes, sports B. Developmental Science- conception to death C. Change 1. Infancy most dramatic 2. Domains i. Physical development (a) Body size (b) Physical (c) Motor abilities ii. Cognitive development (a) Intellectual (b) Attention (c) Academic (d) Language iii. Social and Emotional development (a) Emotional communication/expression (b) Self-understanding (c) Interpersonal skills (d) Friendships/intimate relationships iv. Triad, each influence each other (a) Physical development leads to ability to find an object to think about and eventually share with others to for relationships 3. Periods of Child Development i. Prenatal- conception to birth (9 months) ii. Infancy and Toddlerhood- births to 2 years iii. Early childhood- 2 years to 6 years iv. Middle childhood- 6 years to 11 years v. Adolescents- 11 years to 18 years vi. Emerging adulthood- 18 years to 25 years *newly defined stage (a) College age (b) Financially and/or shelter dependent on parents (c) Can delay development II. Theory- orderly integrated set of statements that describes, explains or predicts behavior 1 of 6
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Andrew Lynn 1/17/08 A. Longevity depends on testability B. Issues which Theories describe or explain 1. Continuous or Discontinuous i. Continuous- gradual process, more of the same, additive effect over time, amount and/or complexity change over time ii. Discontinuous- occurs in stages, change is rigid, qualitatively different from previous stage. 2. One of many course(s) of development 3. Nature v. Nurture III. Historical Foundations/Perspectives A. Medieval- childhood is distinct period 1. Child rearing manuals 2. Laws to protect children B. Reformation 16 th century- Puritan and original sin, nes. Evil
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This note was uploaded on 03/10/2008 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Marchand during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Chapter 1 History, - Andrew Lynn Notes Chapter One I Development systematic changes and continuities in physical and mental domains in individual

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