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NURS6501 Week 10 DiscussionStacy PohlmanIntroductionUrinary tract infections are a common diagnosis in a primary care setting. They account for 1–2% of GP consultations and affect a diverse range of patient groups (Mulryan, C, 2011). The urinary track is a sterile environment. Most urinary tract infections are a result of contamination from the gastrointestinal system. Huether & McCance, (2012) define a urinary tract infection (UTI) as an inflammation of the urinary epithelium often caused by the normal flora of the GI system and may occur anywhere along the urinary tract. UTI’s are classified as upper and lower UTI’s. The clinical manifestations and treatments differ based on location. Lower Urinary Tract InfectionsStructures in the lower urinary tract involve the urethra and the bladder. Lower urinary tract infections occur more frequently than upper urinary tract infections especially in women due to the close proximity of the rectum to the urethra. Patients with bacteria in the urine may or may not have symptoms. According to Huether & McCance, (2012) 10% of patients with bacteruria have no symptoms and 30% of individuals with symptoms are abacteriuric. The most common bacteria or organisms include E. Coli (from GI tract), Klebsiella, Proteus, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, fungi, parasites, or tubercular bacilli (Huether & McCance, 2012).